Integrated value-chain and risk assessment of Pig-Related Zoonoses in Ghana


Autoři: Ayodele O. Majekodunmi aff001;  Henry Ofosu Addo aff002;  Husein Bagulo aff001;  Langbong Bimi aff002
Působiště autorů: Livestock and Poultry Research Centre, College of Basic and Applied Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana aff001;  Department of Animal Biology & Conservation Science, College of Basic and Applied Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224918

Souhrn

The marked increase in the pig-trade in Ghana has raised concerns about increased transmission of related zoonotic diseases. A study on pig-related zoonoses along the pork value-chain was conducted in Greater Accra and Upper East Regions of Ghana. Results showed significant taenia (60%) and trichinella (8%) seroprevalence in pigs in Upper East with little evidence of transmission to humans. Sero-prevalence of HEV was high in both pigs (85%) and humans (37%). Sero-prevalence rates were significantly higher in Upper East than Greater Accra. Pig handlers in Accra had significantly higher sero-prevalence rates (58%) than other community members (18%) but there was no such association in the Upper East. Given the high rates of mortality, miscarriage and stillbirth associated with HEV in pregnancy, it is a cause for concern that 31% women of child-bearing age tested sero-positive for HEV.

Klíčová slova:

Agricultural workers – Ghana – Hepatitis E virus – Sanitation – Swine – Zoonoses – Pork – Trichinella


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 11