Circulating Th17.1 cells as candidate for the prediction of therapeutic response to abatacept in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: An exploratory research


Autoři: Shinji Maeda aff001;  Satoshi Osaga aff002;  Tomoyo Maeda aff001;  Norihisa Takeda aff001;  Shin-ya Tamechika aff001;  Taio Naniwa aff001;  Akio Niimi aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Respiratory Medicine, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan aff001;  Clinical Research Management Center, Nagoya City University Hospital, Nagoya, Japan aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0215192

Souhrn

T-helper (Th)17.1 cells exhibit high pathogenicity in inflammatory diseases. This study aimed to identify the changes in the proportions of Th subsets, including Th17.1, which are associated with abatacept treatment response in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis. On the basis of the results, we assessed whether Th17.1 is a potential cellular biomarker. Multicolor flow cytometry was used to determine the circulating Th subsets among CD4+ T lymphocytes in 40 patients with rheumatoid arthritis before abatacept treatment. All the patients received abatacept treatment for 24 weeks; changes in disease activity score, including 28-joint count C-reactive protein, and responsiveness indicated by other indices to abatacept treatment were evaluated according the European League Against Rheumatism criteria (good and moderate responders and nonresponders). The correlation between the abatacept responses and the proportions of Th subsets (baseline) was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis with inverse probability weighting method was performed to calculate the odds ratio adjusted for patient characteristics. The proportion of baseline Th17.1 cells was significantly lower in patients categorized as good responders than in those categorized as non-good responders (moderate responders and nonresponders; p = 0.0064). The decrease in 28-joint count C-reactive protein after 24 weeks of abatacept therapy showed a significant negative correlation with the proportion of Th17.1 cells. The adjusted odds ratio for achieving good response in patients with baseline Th17.1 levels below the median value was 14.6 (95% confidence interval, 2.9–72.3; p = 0.0021) relative to that in the remaining patients. The proportion of Th17.1 cells at baseline is a good candidate for predicting abatacept treatment response in Japanese patients. These novel findings may represent a significant step in the pursuit of precision medicine.

Klíčová slova:

Biomarkers – C-reactive proteins – Cytokines – Flow cytometry – Inflammation – Regulatory T cells – Rheumatoid arthritis – T cells


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