Psychological well-being and distress in patients with generalized anxiety disorder: The roles of positive and negative functioning

Autoři: Luca Iani aff001;  Rossella Mattea Quinto aff001;  Marco Lauriola aff002;  Maria Luigia Crosta aff003;  Gino Pozzi aff003
Působiště autorů: Department of Human Sciences, European University of Rome, Rome, Italy aff001;  Department of Social and Developmental Psychology, Sapienza, University of Rome, Rome, Italy aff002;  U.O.C. Psichiatria, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS - Istituto di Psichiatria e Psicologia, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225646



Whether mindfulness and emotional intelligence may counteract psychological symptoms and whether brooding and worry may be linked to decreased psychological well-being (PWB) in individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is still an issue.


The study used a cross-sectional design on a sample of 66 consecutive individuals with a diagnosis of GAD. Two hierarchical multiple regressions were conducted to determine whether PWB and anxiety symptoms were accounted for by mindfulness and emotional intelligence skills, brooding, and worry.


Worry was negatively related to PWB and showed a tendency to be positively associated with anxiety symptoms after controlling for the other variables. Brooding was uniquely and positively related to anxiety symptoms. Different mindfulness (i.e., describing and nonjudging) and emotional intelligence (i.e., attention and repair) skills were particularly important for PWB. Repair was also negatively related to anxiety symptoms.


Repair was the variable that played a key role in the association with both PWB and GAD symptoms. Worry was the second most important variable, although it approached significance in the relationship with anxiety symptoms. Brooding was more strongly positively associated with anxiety than worry. In sum, the results suggest that an integrated and balanced focus on both positive and negative functioning will be useful in future clinical psychology research to predict, understand, and treat anxiety as well as to examine the antecedents and characteristics of positivity in individuals with GAD and promote their PWB.

Klíčová slova:

Anxiety – Anxiety disorders – Attention – Depression – Emotions – Intelligence – Mental health and psychiatry – Clinical psychology


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