Investigation of biochemical and physiological parameters of the newborn Saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica) in Gansu Province, China


Autoři: Xia Liu aff001;  James Blackar Mawolo aff001;  Xiaohua Du aff002;  Yingjie Zhou aff003;  Haifang Wang aff001;  Fayang Liu aff001;  Zhiqing He aff003;  Haqi Astika Marela aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Animal Biotechnology, College of Life Science and Technology, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou City, Gansu Province, People’s Republic of China aff001;  Department of Basic Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou City, Gansu Province, People’s Republic of China aff002;  Gansu Endangered Animal Protection Center of State Forestry Administration, Wuwei Town, Gansu Province, People’s Republic of China aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(11)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224822

Souhrn

Background

The Saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica) is a critically endangered species, and there has been limited success in restoring the population by captive breeding. This study assessed the biochemical and physiological parameters of newborn Saiga antelope to provide reference information that can be used to evaluate their health. Comparisons have been made with parameters for horses and closely related members of the Bovidae family but there are no reference values for the newborn Saiga antelope.

Methods

Biochemical and physiological parameters were measured in 61 animals. An automatic analyzer (Hitachi Ltd. 7180 Serial, Tokyo, Japan) was used to analyze the biochemical parameters, while the Coulter counter (Model ZK) was used to analyze the physiological parameters.

Results

The results showed that the biochemical and physiological parameters differ considerably in range. The evaluation of parameters stratified by sex showed differences. Triglyceride and LDL cholesterol concentrations among male animals were significantly higher than those in female animals, while the creatine kinase concentrations were significantly higher in females than in males. Comparing this study’s results with published data for horses showed many similarities and some differences. Cholesterol, magnesium and glucose levels were similar between Saiga antelope and horses, while albumin and hematocrit levels in Saiga antelope differed from the reference values in horses.

Conclusion

The study has shown that horses and even closely related members of the Bovidae family are not suitable references when evaluating the biochemical and physiological properties of newborn Saiga antelope. These animals have unique stressors and warrant further study to inform efforts pertaining to their care and the future sustainability of the species.

Klíčová slova:

Blood counts – Hemoglobin – Horses – Cholesterol – Lymphocytes – Magnesium – Physiological parameters – Urea


Zdroje

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2019 Číslo 11