Job stress and emotional exhaustion at work in Spanish workers: Does unhealthy work affect the decision to drive?


Autoři: Francisco Alonso aff001;  Cristina Esteban aff001;  Adela Gonzalez-Marin aff002;  Elisa Alfaro aff003;  Sergio A. Useche aff001
Působiště autorů: DATS (Development and Advising in Traffic Safety) Research Group, INTRAS (University Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of València, Valencia, Spain aff001;  University Center of Defense (Spanish Air Force Academy), Santiago de la Ribera, Murcia, Spain aff002;  PRECOVIR (Risk Prevention in Road Behavior) Research Group, INTRAS (University Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of València, Valencia, Spain aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227328

Souhrn

Objectives

The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships among the following elements: unhealthy work indicators (job stress and emotional exhaustion at work), the decision to drive (or not), and driving crashes suffered by Spanish workers.

Methods

For this cross-sectional study, a full sample of 1,200 Spanish drivers (44% women and 56% men) was used, their mean age being 42.8 years. They answered a questionnaire divided into three sections: demographic and driving-related data; burnout, job stress, and life stress; and self-reported road behaviors and driving safety indicators.

Results

Overall, 41.6% of drivers reported emotional exhaustion at work. Furthermore, 80.2% of the participants showing substantial signs of job stress or exhaustion had experienced one or more important stressful life events during the previous year. Job stress was associated with the number of driving crashes suffered along the last 3 years. Also, and especially in situations where drivers admit not feeling well enough to drive, job stress and emotional exhaustion seem to be independent from the decision to drive, and from perceiving these variables as potential impairers of driving performance.

Conclusions

First of all, this study showed a high prevalence of job stress and emotional exhaustion symptoms experienced at work by Spanish workers. Moreover, significant relationships were found among self-rated driving performance, workplace stress and burnout indicators, which suggests that job stress and emotional exhaustion levels may, indeed, impair driving performance, but they do not influence the decision to drive or not. In other words, even when they are significantly affected by job stress or emotional exhaustion at work, most Spanish drivers still drive.

Klíčová slova:

Behavior – Emotions – Fatigue – Jobs – Psychological stress – Roads – Social systems – Traffic safety


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