The validation of the Beijing version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment in Chinese patients undergoing hemodialysis

Autoři: Ru Tian aff001;  Yidan Guo aff001;  Pengpeng Ye aff002;  Chunxia Zhang aff001;  Yang Luo aff001
Působiště autorů: Division of Nephrology, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Bejing, China aff001;  Division of Injury Prevention and Mental Health National Center for Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article



Cognitive impairment is common among hemodialysis patient, but still lack adequate screening in clinical settings. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is reportedly to be a sensitive screening tool for cognitive impairment, but its clinical value in patients undergoing hemodialysis is not well established. We aimed to validate the utility of the Beijing version of the MoCA (MoCA-BJ) for detecting cognitive impairment in comparison to a detailed neuropsychological battery as the gold standard.


We assessed 613 patients undergoing hemodialysis using the MoCA-BJ, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. Cognitive dysfunction was defined by the fifth version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). Spearman’s correlation and linear regression were used to estimate the performance of the MoCA-BJ and MMSE in predicting cognitive impairment. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the utility of various cutoffs of the MoCA-BJ and MMSE for predicting cognitive impairment.


Cognitive impairment was diagnosed in 80.91% (496/613), 75.69% (464/613), and 61.34% (376 /613) of the patients using the DSM-V, MoCA-BJ, and MMSE, respectively. Spearman’s rank correlation analysis indicated that the MoCA-BJ was significantly correlated with the neuropsychological battery (rs = 0.639, p<0.001), whereas the MMSE had a weaker correlation with the battery. The area under the ROC curve for cognitive impairment diagnosis using the MoCA-BJ was 0.891 (95% confidence interval: 0.859–0.924) while using the MMSE was 0.823 (95% confidence interval: 0.786–0.860). The optimal MoCA-BJ cutoff score in discriminating patients with and without cognitive impairment was 24 points with a sensitivity of 0.877 and specificity of 0.752.


The MoCA-BJ offers good sensitivity and specificity levels in detecting cognitive impairment in hemodialysis patients. These findings support the utility of the MoCA-BJ as a screening tool for cognitive impairment in Chinese patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Klíčová slova:

Alzheimer's disease – Cognition – Cognitive impairment – Cognitive neurology – Chinese people – Medical dialysis – Neuropsychological testing – Neuropsychology


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