Noise reduction and quantification of fiber orientations in greyscale images

Autoři: Maximilian Witte aff001;  Sören Jaspers aff002;  Horst Wenck aff002;  Michael Rübhausen aff001;  Frank Fischer aff002
Působiště autorů: Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany aff001;  Beiersdorf AG, Hamburg, Germany aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227534


Quantification of the angular orientation distribution of fibrous tissue structures in scientific images benefits from the Fourier image analysis to obtain quantitative information. Measurement uncertainties represent a major challenge and need to be considered by propagating them in order to determine an adaptive anisotropic Fourier filter. Our adaptive filter method (AF) is based on the maximum relative uncertainty δcut of the power spectrum as well as a weighted radial sum with weighting factor α. We use a Monte-Carlo simulation to obtain realistic greyscale images that include defined variations in fiber thickness, length, and angular dispersion as well as variations in noise. From this simulation the best agreement between predefined and derived angular orientation distribution is found for evaluation parameters δcut = 2.1% and α = 1.5. The resulting cumulative orientation distribution was modeled by a sigmoid function to obtain the mean angle and the fiber dispersion. A comparison to a state-of-the-art band-pass method revealed that the AF method is more suitable for the application on greyscale fiber images, since the error of the fiber dispersion significantly decreased from (33.9 ± 26.5)% to (13.2 ± 12.7)%. Both methods were found to accurately quantify the mean fiber orientation with an error of (1.9 ± 1.5)° and (2.3 ± 2.1)° in case of the AF and the band-pass method, respectively. We demonstrate that the AF method is able to accurately quantify the fiber orientation distribution in in vivo second-harmonic generation images of dermal collagen with a mean fiber orientation error of (6.0 ± 4.0)° and a dispersion error of (9.3 ± 12.1)%.

Klíčová slova:

Aspect ratio – Collagens – Fourier analysis – Grayscale – Image processing – Imaging techniques – Monte Carlo method – Signal filtering


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