Polymer-free sirolimus-eluting stent use in Europe and Asia: Ethnic differences in demographics and clinical outcomes


Autoři: Florian Krackhardt aff001;  Matthias Waliszewski aff001;  Wan Azman Wan Ahmad aff003;  Viktor Kočka aff004;  Petr Toušek aff004;  Bronislav Janek aff005;  Milan Trenčan aff006;  Peter Krajči aff006;  Fernando Lozano aff007;  Koldobika Garcia-San Roman aff008;  Imanol Otaegui Irurueta aff009;  Bruno Garcia del Blanco aff009;  Lucie Wachowiak aff010;  Victoria Vilalta del Olmo aff011;  Eduard Fernandez Nofrerías aff011;  Myung Ho Jeong aff012;  Byung-Chun Jung aff013;  Kyu-Rock Han aff014;  Christophe Piot aff015;  Laurent Sebagh aff016;  Jérôme Rischner aff017;  Michel Pansieri aff018;  Matthias Leschke aff019;  Tae Hoon Ahn aff020
Působiště autorů: Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow, Berlin, Germany aff001;  Medical Scientific Affairs, B.Braun Melsungen AG, Berlin, Germany aff002;  University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia aff003;  University Hospital Královské Vinohrady Prague, Czech Republic aff004;  IKEM Prague, Czech Republic aff005;  SÚSCCH, a.s. Banská Bystrica, Slovak Republic aff006;  Hospital General Universitario de Ciudad Real, Ciudad Real, Spain aff007;  Hospital Universitario de Cruces, Bilbao, Spain aff008;  Hospital Universitari Vall d’Hebron Barcelona, Spain aff009;  Medical Scientific Affairs, B.Braun France, Saint-Cloud, France aff010;  Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain aff011;  Chonnam National University, Gwangju, South Korea aff012;  Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, South Korea aff013;  Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Kangdong, South Korea aff014;  Clinique du Millénaire, Montpellier, France aff015;  Clinique Turin, Paris, France aff016;  Hôpital Albert Schweitzer Colmar, France aff017;  Centre Hospitalier d'Avignon, Avignon, France aff018;  Städtische Kliniken Esslingen, Esslingen, Germany aff019;  Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, South Korea aff020
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226606

Souhrn

Background

The objective of this study was to assess regional and ethnic differences in an unselected patient population treated with polymer-free sirolimus-eluting stents (PF-SES) in Asia and Europe.

Methods

Two all-comers observational studies based on the same protocol (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifiers: NCT02629575 and NCT02905214) were combined for data analysis to assure sufficient statistical power. The primary endpoint was the accumulated target lesion revascularization (TLR) rate at 9–12 months.

Results

Of the total population of 7243 patients, 44.0% (3186) were recruited in the Mediterranean region and 32.0% (2317) in central Europe. The most prominent Asian region was South Korea (17.6%, 1274) followed by Malaysia (5.7%, 413). Major cardiovascular risk factors varied significantly across regions. The overall rates for accumulated TLR and MACE were low with 2.2% (140/6374) and 4.4% (279/6374), respectively. In ACS patients, there were no differences in terms of MACE, TLR, MI and accumulated mortality between the investigated regions. Moreover, dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) regimens were substantially longer in Asian countries even in patients with stable coronary artery disease as compared to those in Europe.

Conclusions

PF-SES angioplasty is associated with low clinical event rates in all regions. Further reductions in clinical event rates seem to be associated with longer DAPT regimens.

Klíčová slova:

Antiplatelet therapy – Coronary stenting – Diabetes mellitus – Ethnic epidemiology – Europe – Lesions – Malaysia – South Korea


Zdroje

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2020 Číslo 1