Severity of misophonia symptoms is associated with worse cognitive control when exposed to misophonia trigger sounds

Autoři: Emily C. Daniels aff001;  Andrew Rodriguez aff001;  Darya L. Zabelina aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychological Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, United States of America aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article


The present study aimed to investigate the extent to which the severity of misophonia symptoms is linked with cognitive control under misophonia symptom-provocation circumstances in the general population sample. Participants (N = 79) completed a measure of cognitive control–a Stroop color naming task, which consists of congruent and incongruent stimuli, and requires inhibition of a prepotent response (reading a word) in the service of a less predominant response (naming a color), while listening to misophonia symptom-provocation or universally unpleasant sounds. Participants’ misophonia sound sensitivity, and emotional behaviors towards trigger sounds were assessed using the Misophonia Questionnaire. Stronger emotional behavioral reactions to misophonia trigger sounds were significantly associated with the larger Stroop effect when participants were exposed to the misophonia trigger sounds, but not when they were exposed to the universally unpleasant sounds. This effect held when controlling for the personality trait of Neuroticism and for baseline levels of anxiety. Both elevated misophonia sound sensitivity and emotional behaviors towards trigger sounds significantly correlated with higher self-reported anxiety when performing the Stroop task. However, only elevated emotional behaviors towards trigger sounds were linked with higher anxiety levels at baseline, suggesting that people who experience stronger emotions and behavioral reactions to misophonia trigger sounds may have higher anxiety at a trait level. Limitations and future directions are discussed.

Klíčová slova:

Anxiety – Behavior – Cognition – Emotions – Neuropsychiatric disorders – Personality traits – Reaction time – Surveys


1. Jastreboff M. M., & Jastreboff P. J. (2002). Decreased sound tolerance and Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT). Australian and New Zealand Journal of Audiology, 24(2), 74–81.

2. Schwartz P., Leyendecker J., & Conlon M. (2011). Hyperacusis and misophonia: The lesser-known siblings of tinnitus. Minnesota Medicine, 94, 42–43.

3. Schröder A., Vulink N., & Denys D. (2013). Misophonia: Diagnostic criteria for a new psychiatric disorder. PLoS ONE, 8(1).

4. Rouw R., & Erfanian M. (2018). A large‐scale study of misophonia. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 74(3), 453–479. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22500 28561277

5. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. BMC Med, 17, 133–137.

6. Kumar S., Tansley-Hancock O., Sedley W., Winston J. S., Callaghan M. F., Allen M., et al. (2017). The brain basis for misophonia. Current Biology, 27(4), 527–533. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.12.048 28162895

7. Seeley W. W., Menon V., Schatzberg A. F., Keller J., Glover G. H., Kenna H., et al. (2007). Dissociable intrinsic connectivity networks for salience processing and executive control. Journal of Neuroscience, 27(9), 2349–2356. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5587-06.2007 17329432

8. Craig A. D., & Craig A. D. (2009). How do you feel—now? The anterior insula and human awareness. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10(1), 59–70. doi: 10.1038/nrn2555 19096369

9. Schröder A., van Wingen G., Eijsker N., Giorgi R. S., Vulink N. C., Turbyne C., et al. (2019). Misophonia is associated with altered brain activity in the auditory cortex and salience network. Scientific Reports, 9, 7542. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-44084-8 31101901

10. Taylor S. (2017). Misophonia: A new mental disorder? Medical Hypotheses, 103, 109–117. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2017.05.003 28571795

11. Gratton G., Cooper P., Fabiani M., Carter C. S., & Karayanidis F. (2018). Dynamics of cognitive control: Theoretical bases, paradigms, and a view for the future. Psychophysiology, 55(3), e13016.

12. MacDonald A. W., Cohen J. D., Stenger V. A., & Carter C. S. (2000). Dissociating the role of the dorsolateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex in cognitive control. Science, 288(5472), 1835–1838. doi: 10.1126/science.288.5472.1835 10846167

13. Muraven M., & Baumeister R. F. (2000). Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: Does self-control resemble a muscle? Psychological Bulletin, 126(2), 247. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.126.2.247 10748642

14. Pardo J. V., Pardo P. J., Janer K. W., & Raichle M. E. (1990). The anterior cingulate cortex mediates processing selection in the Stroop attentional conflict paradigm. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 87(1), 256–259.

15. Wu M. S., Lewin A. B., Murphy T. K., & Storch E. A. (2014). Misophonia: Incidence, phenomenology, and clinical correlates in an undergraduate student sample. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 70(10), 994–1007. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22098 24752915

16. Graham R., Robinson J., & Mulhall P. (2009). Effects of concurrent music listening on emotional processing. Psychology of Music, 37(4), 485–493.

17. Edelstein M., Brang D., Rouw R., & Ramachandran V. S. (2013). Misophonia: Physiological investigations and case descriptions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 296. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00296 23805089

18. Johnson P. L., Webber T.A., Wu M. S., Lewin A. B., Murphy T. K., & Storch E. A. (2013). When selective audiovisual stimuli become unbearable: A case series on pediatric misophonia. Neuropsychiatry, 3(6), 569–575.

19. Dozier T. H., & Morrison K. L. (2017). Phenomenology of misophonia: Initial physical and emotional responses. American Journal of Psychology, 130(4), 431–438.

20. Spielberger C. D., & Gorsuch R. L. (1983). State-trait anxiety inventory for adults: sampler set: Manual, test, scoring key. Mind Garden.

21. Costa P. T. Jr, & McCrae R. R. (1987). Neuroticism, somatic complaints, and disease: Is the bark worse than the bite? Journal of Personality, 55(2), 299–316. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1987.tb00438.x 3612472

22. Charles S. T., Reynolds C. A., & Gatz M. (2001). Age-related differences and change in positive and negative affect over 23 years. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(1), 136–151. 11195886

23. Goldberg L. R. (1999). A broad-bandwidth, public domain, personality inventory measuring the lower-level facets of several five-factor models. Personality Psychology in Europe, 7(1), 7–28.

24. IBM Corp. Released 2017. IBM SPSS Statistics for Macintosh, Version 25.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.

25. Seaborne A., & Fiorella L. (2018). Effects of background chewing sounds on learning: The role of misophonia sensitivity. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 32(2), 264–269.

Článek vyšel v časopise


2020 Číslo 1
Nejčtenější tento týden