Increased episodes of aspiration on videofluoroscopic swallow study in children with nasogastric tube placement


Autoři: Sarah T. Edwards aff001;  Linda Ernst aff002;  Ashley K. Sherman aff003;  Ann M. Davis aff004
Působiště autorů: Children’s Mercy Kansas City, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University of Missouri, Kansas City, Missouri, United States of America aff001;  Children’s Mercy Kansas City, Division of Hearing and Speech, Kansas City, Missouri, United States of America aff002;  Children’s Mercy Kansas City, Health Services and Outcomes Research, Kansas City, Missouri, United States of America aff003;  University of Kansas Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, Kansas City, Kansas, United States of America aff004;  Center for Children’s Healthy Lifestyles & Nutrition, Kansas City, Missouri, United States of America aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227777

Souhrn

Background

Given the limited evidence available, the impact of nasogastric (NG) tube placement on swallowing in children is not well understood. When a child needs to be fed enterally, the current standard is to initially place an NG tube and leave it in place for the first few months of supplemental or total enteral nutrition. It is important to understand if placement of NG tubes has a negative effect on a patient’s swallow.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed the charts of those children who had videofluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSS) to identify all children who had an NG tube in place at the time of swallow study. Age and sex matched children were identified who had undergone VFSS without an NG in place. These charts were reviewed for diagnosis at the time of the VFSS and presence or absence of aspiration or laryngeal penetrations.

Results

Sixty-three children with NG tubes were identified, along with 63 age and sex matched children without NG tubes in place, at the time of VFSS. Ages ranged from 7 days to 13 years. The NG group had a significantly higher proportion demonstrating aspiration (46% vs. 23.8%, p = 0.0089).

Conclusions

This study supports the need for further prospective evaluation of NG tubes and their effect on swallow, as well as more careful consideration of prolonged NG tube placement in patients with feeding problems. Consideration should be given to removal of the NG prior to VFSS to prevent the impact of NG placement on results of the swallow study which could lead to inappropriate modifications to the patient’s care plan.

Klíčová slova:

Diagnostic medicine – Dysphagia – Gastroenterology and hepatology – Honey – Nutrition – Pathologists – Pediatrics – Swallowing


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2020 Číslo 1