Subterranean Deuteraphorura Absolon, 1901, (Hexapoda, Collembola) of the Western Carpathians — Troglomorphy at the northern distributional limit in Europe


Autoři: Andrea Parimuchová aff001;  Martina Žurovcová aff002;  Vladimír Papáč aff003;  Ľubomír Kováč aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Zoology, Institute of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, P.J. Šafárik University, Košice, Slovakia aff001;  Institute of Entomology, Biology Centre AS CR v.v.i., České Budějovice, Czech Republic aff002;  State Nature Conservancy of the Slovak Republic, Slovak Caves Administration, Cave Care Department, Rimavská Sobota, Slovakia aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226966

Souhrn

An integrative approach employing molecular, morphological and geographical data were applied to species delimitation among Deuteraphorura congeners occupying caves of the Western Carpathian Mts. A new species of Deuteraphorura from the Western Carpathians is described. D. muranensis sp. nov. belongs among species with 4 pso at the hind margin of the head and possesses highly troglomorphic features. It is conspicuous with its distinctly elongated claws and long, hair-like body chaetae. The status of the new species was confirmed by DNA barcoding based on the mitochondrial COI marker. Populations of D. kratochvili (Nosek, 1963), the most widespread species, were studied in detail. Both ABGD and PTP analyses brought results congruent with geography, i.e. the molecular and geographic distance of the populations were positively correlated. However, some molecular separation based on pairwise distance and the number of substitutions was indicated within two of the studied populations. Despite the indistinct morphological differences, the tested populations were well isolated both geographically and genetically, which indicates that each studied population may represent a cryptic species. The troglomorphy of cave Collembola at the northernmost border of the distribution of cave-adapted species in the Europe is discussed. It is clear that the level of troglomorphy is closely associated with conditions of the microhabitat occupied by the individual subterranean species. The results of our study enhance the importance of the Western Carpathians regarding the diversity pattern of obligate cave species in Europe.

Klíčová slova:

Caves – Cryptic speciation – Karst features – Legs – New species reports – Phylogeography – Population genetics – Species delimitation


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