Disparity in depressive symptoms between heterosexual and sexual minority men in China: The role of social support


Autoři: Jingchu Hu aff001;  Ling Tan aff002;  Gang Huang aff003;  Wenjun Yu aff005
Působiště autorů: Department of Anxiety Disorders, Shenzhen Kangning Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China aff001;  School of Management, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China aff002;  Shenzhen Kangning Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China aff003;  Normal College, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China aff004;  College of Education, JingGangShan University, Ji’An, Jiangxi, China aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226178

Souhrn

Accumulating evidence suggests that sexual minorities experience elevated levels of depressive symptoms compared to heterosexuals in Western countries. Still, little is known about whether there is any difference in depressive symptoms between sexual minority men and heterosexual men in China. This study investigated the differences in depressive symptoms and social support between 302 Chinese sexual minority men and 249 heterosexual men. The association between depressive symptoms, social support and sexual orientation was also explored. Our results indicated that Chinese sexual minority men have more depressive symptoms and perceived lower social support than heterosexual men. Overall, sexual orientation and social support both predicted depressive symptoms. Different from previous Western studies, in our results, social support fully mediates but does not moderate the relationship between sexual orientation and depressive symptoms in Chinese men. The current findings suggest that social support has a significant impact on depressive symptoms among Chinese sexual minority men, highlighting the unique role of social support in understanding depressive symptoms among Chinese sexual minority men. Providing more social support, as well as promoting accepting and positive environments, may lead to better adjustment in this population in China.

Klíčová slova:

Depression – Educational attainment – Heterosexuals – Human families – Chinese people – Interpersonal relationships – Mental health and psychiatry – Psychological stress


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