Multiple fragmented habitat-patch use in an urban breeding passerine, the Short-toed Treecreeper

Autoři: Katherine R. S. Snell aff001;  Rie B. E. Jensen aff001;  Troels E. Ortvad aff001;  Mikkel Willemoes aff001;  Kasper Thorup aff001
Působiště autorů: Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227731


Individual responses of wild birds to fragmented habitat have rarely been studied, despite large-scale habitat fragmentation and biodiversity loss resulting from widespread urbanisation. We investigated the spatial ecology of the Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla, a tiny, resident, woodland passerine that has recently colonised city parks at the northern extent of its range. High resolution spatiotemporal movements of this obligate tree-living species were determined using radio telemetry within the urbanized matrix of city parks in Copenhagen, Denmark. We identified regular edge crossing behaviour, novel in woodland birds. While low numbers of individuals precluded a comprehensive characterisation of home range for this population, we were able to describe a consistent behaviour which has consequences for our understanding of animal movement in urban ecosystems. We report that treecreepers move freely, and apparently do so regularly, between isolated habitat patches. This behaviour is a possible driver of the range expansion in this species and may contribute to rapid dispersal capabilities in certain avian species, including Short-toed Treecreepers, into northern Europe. Alternatively, these behaviours might be common and/or provide an adaptive advantage for birds utilising matrix habitats, for example within urban ecosystems.

Klíčová slova:

Animal behavior – Birds – Habitats – Land use – Paleoxylology – Trees – Urban ecology – Urban environments


1. Evans KL, Newson SE, Gaston KJ. Habitat influences on urban avian assemblages. Ibis. 2009;151(1):19–39.

2. Marzluff JM. A decadal review of urban ornithology and a prospectus for the future. Ibis. 2016;159(1):1–13.

3. McKinney ML. Urbanization as a major cause of biotic homogenization. Biol Conserv. 2006;127(3):247–60. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2005.09.005

4. Wilcove DS, McLellan CH, Dobson AP. Habitat fragmentation in the temperate zone. Conserv Biol. 1986;6:237–56.

5. Delmore KE, Liedvogel M. Investigating Factors that Generate and Maintain Variation in Migratory Orientation: A Primer for Recent and Future Work. Front Behav Neurosci. 2016;10:3. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00003 26834592

6. Jokimäki J. Occurrence of breeding bird species in urban parks: effects of park structure and broad-scale variables. Urban Ecosystems. 1999;3(1):21–34.

7. Baltensperger A, Mullet T, Schmid M, Humphries G, Kövér L, Huettmann F. Seasonal observations and machine-learning-based spatial model predictions for the common raven (Corvus corax) in the urban, sub-arctic environment of Fairbanks, Alaska. Polar Biol. 2013;36(11):1587–99.

8. Greenwood PJ. Mating systems, philopatry and dispersal in birds and mammals. Anim Behav. 1980;28(4):1140–62.

9. Fischer J, Lindenmayer DB. Landscape modification and habitat fragmentation: a synthesis. Global Ecol Biogeogr. 2007;16(3):265–80.

10. Fernandez-Juricic E, Jokimäki J. A habitat island approach to conserving birds in urban landscapes: case studies from southern and northern Europe. Biodiversity & Conservation. 2001;10(12):2023–43.

11. Sattler T, Borcard D, Arlettaz R, Bontadina F, Legendre P, Obrist M, et al. Spider, bee, and bird communities in cities are shaped by environmental control and high stochasticity. Ecology. 2010;91(11):3343–53. doi: 10.1890/09-1810.1 21141195

12. Prevedello JA, Vieira MV. Does the type of matrix matter? A quantitative review of the evidence. Biodivers Conserv. 2010;19(5):1205–23. doi: 10.1007/s10531-009-9750-z

13. Andrén H, Delin A, Seiler A. Population response to landscape changes depends on specialization to different landscape elements. Oikos. 1997;80(1):193–6.

14. Melles S, Glenn S, Martin K. Urban bird diversity and landscape complexity: species–environment associations along a multiscale habitat gradient. Conserv Ecol. 2003;7(1):5 (online).

15. Moore RP, Robinson WD, Lovette IJ, Robinson TR. Experimental evidence for extreme dispersal limitation in tropical forest birds. Ecol Lett. 2008;11(9):960–8. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01196.x 18513315

16. Desrochers A, Hannon SJ. Gap crossing decisions by forest songbirds during the post‐fledging period. Conserv Biol. 1997;11(5):1204–10.

17. Davis RA, Wilcox JA. Adapting to suburbia: bird ecology on an urban-bushland interface in Perth, Western Australia. Pac Conserv Biol. 2013;19(2):110–20. doi: 10.1071/PC130110

18. Cox DT, Inger R, Hancock S, Anderson K, Gaston KJ. Movement of feeder-using songbirds: the influence of urban features. Sci Rep. 2016;6:37669. doi: 10.1038/srep37669 27876884

19. BirdLife International. Species factsheet: Certhia brachydactyla. Downloaded from on 15/05/2017 2017.

20. Grell MB. Fuglenes Danmark: de danske fugles udbredelse, tæthed, bestandsforhold og udviklingstendenser 1971–1996 baseret på resultaterne oaf Dansk Ornitologisk Forenings landsdækkende kortlægning i 1993–96. Copenhagen, Denmark: Gads forlag; 1998.

21. Dybbro T. Politikens Store Fuglebog. Copenhagen, Denmark: Politiken; 2004.

22. Huntley B, Green RE, Collingham YC, Willis SG. A climatic atlas of European breeding birds. Barcelona, Spain: Lynx Edicions; 2007.

23. Sexton JP, McIntyre PJ, Angert AL, Rice KJ. Evolution and Ecology of Species Range Limits. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. 2009;40(1):415–36. doi: 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.110308.120317

24. Bønløkke J, Madsen JJ, Thorup K, Pedersen KT, Bjerrum M, Rahbek C. The Danish bird migration atlas. Humlebæk, Denmark: Rhodos; 2006.

25. Clausen P, Toft S. Mixed singers and imitation singers among Short-toed Treecreepers. Brit Birds. 1988;81(10):496–503.

26. Clouet M, Gerard J-F. Factors affecting the distribution of the sibling species of treecreepers Certhia familiaris and C. brachydactyla in the Pyrenees. J Ornithol. 2018;160(1):27–36. doi: 10.1007/s10336-018-1605-5

27. del Hoyo J, Elliott A, Christie D. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Barcalona: Lynx Edicions; 2008.

28. Gilbert O. The Ecology of Urban Habitats. London, UK: Chapman & Hall 1989.

29. Forman RT. Urban ecology: science of cities: Cambridge University Press; 2014.

30. Werner P, Kelcey JG. Urban Green and Biodiversity. In: Tan PY, Jim CY, editors. Greening Cities: Forms and Functions. Singapore: Springer Singapore; 2017. p. 131–54.

31. Fernández‐Juricic E. Avifaunal use of wooded streets in an urban landscape. Conserv Biol. 2000;14(2):513–21.

32. Crooks KR, Suarez AV, Bolger DT, Soulé ME. Extinction and colonization of birds on habitat islands. Conserv Biol. 2001;15(1):159–72.

33. Gundersen V, Frivold LH, Löfström I, Jørgensen BB, Falck J, Øyen B-H. Urban woodland management–The case of 13 major Nordic cities. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 2005;3(3–4):189–202. doi: 10.1016/j.ufug.2005.03.001

34. Sjöman H, Östberg J, Bühler O. Diversity and distribution of the urban tree population in ten major Nordic cities. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 2012;11(1):31–9. doi: 10.1016/j.ufug.2011.09.004

35. Matsuba M, Nishijima S, Katoh K. Effectiveness of corridor vegetation depends on urbanization tolerance of forest birds in central Tokyo, Japan. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 2016;18:173–81. doi: 10.1016/j.ufug.2016.05.011

36. Kenward RE. A manual for wildlife radio tagging. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Academic Press; 2000.

37. Hobson KA, Norris DR, Kardynal KJ, Yohannes E. Animal Migration: A Context for Using New Techniques and Approaches. In: Hobson KA, Wassenaar LI, editors. Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes (Second Edition): Academic Press; 2019. p. 1–23.

38. De Solla SR, Bonduriansky R, Brooks RJ. Eliminating autocorrelation reduces biological relevance of home range estimates. J Anim Ecol. 1999;68(2):221–34.

39. Rutz C. Home range size, habitat use, activity patterns and hunting behaviour of urban-breeding Northern Goshawks Accipiter gentilis. Ardea. 2006;94(2):185–202.

40. Mannan RW, Boal CW. Home range characteristics of male Cooper's hawks in an urban environment. The Wilson Bulletin. 2000;112(1):21–7.

41. Morrison JL, Gottlieb IG, Pias KE. Spatial distribution and the value of green spaces for urban red-tailed hawks. Urban Ecosystems. 2016;19(3):1373–88.

42. Rose E, Haag-Wackernagel D, Nagel P. Practical use of GPS‐localization of Feral Pigeons Columba livia in the urban environment. Ibis. 2006;148(2):231–9.

43. Strubbe D, Matthysen E. A radiotelemetry study of habitat use by the exotic Ring‐necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri in Belgium. Ibis. 2011;153(1):180–4.

44. Ausprey IJ, Rodewald AD. Post-fledging dispersal timing and natal range size of two songbird species in an urbanizing landscape. The Condor. 2013;115(1):102–14. doi: 10.1525/cond.2013.110176

45. Ladin ZS, Van Nieuland S, Adalsteinsson SA, D'Amico V, Bowman JL, Buler JJ, et al. Differential post-fledging habitat use of Nearctic-Neotropical migratory birds within an urbanized landscape. Mov Ecol. 2018;6:17. doi: 10.1186/s40462-018-0132-6 30151198

46. Adalsteinsson SA, Buler JJ, Bowman JL, D'Amico V, Ladin ZS, Shriver WG. Post-independence mortality of juveniles is driven by anthropogenic hazards for two passerines in an urban landscape. J Avian Biol. 2018;49(8):e01555. doi: 10.1111/jav.01555

47. Doerr VAJ, Doerr ED, Davies MJ. Dispersal behaviour of Brown Treecreepers predicts functional connectivity for several other woodland birds. Emu—Austral Ornithology. 2016;111(1):71–83. doi: 10.1071/mu09118

48. Cochran W. Willdife Telemetry. Willdife management techniques manual. 1980:507–20.

49. R Core Team. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria.2017.

50. Calenge C. The package “adehabitat” for the R software: a tool for the analysis of space and habitat use by animals. Ecol Model. 2006;197(3):516–9.

51. OpenStreetMap contributors. Planet dump 12 April 2017. Retrieved from 2017.

52. Eugster MJA, Schlesinger T. osmar: OpenStreetMap and R. R Journal. 2012.

53. Vavrek MJ. fossil: palaeoecological and palaeogeographical analysis tools. Palaeontologia Electronica, 14:1T. 2011.

54. Savard J-PL, Clergeau P, Mennechez G. Biodiversity concepts and urban ecosystems. Landscape Urban Plann. 2000;48(3):131–42.

55. Haas CA. Dispersal and use of corridors by birds in wooded patches on an agricultural landscape. Conserv Biol. 1995;9(4):845–54.

56. Marzluff JM, DeLap JH, Oleyar MD, Whittaker KA, Gardner B. Breeding Dispersal by Birds in a Dynamic Urban Ecosystem. PLoS One. 2016;11(12):e0167829. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0167829 28030559

57. Creegan HP, Osborne PE. Gap-crossing decisions of woodland songbirds in Scotland: an experimental approach. J Appl Ecol. 2005;42(4):678–87. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2005.01057.x

58. Hodgson P, French K, Major RE. Avian movement across abrupt ecological edges: Differential responses to housing density in an urban matrix. Landscape Urban Plann. 2007;79(3–4):266–72. doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2006.02.012

59. Lima SL, Dill LM. Behavioral decisions made under the risk of predation: a review and prospectus. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1990;68(4):619–40.

60. Ferenc M, Sedláček O, Fuchs R. How to improve urban greenspace for woodland birds: site and local-scale determinants of bird species richness. Urban Ecosystems. 2014;17(2):625–40.

61. Tremblay JA, Desrochers A, Aubry Y, Pace P, Bird DM. A Low-Cost Technique for Radio-Tracking Wildlife Using a Small Standard Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems. 2017;(ja). doi: 10.1139/juvs-2016-0019

62. Amlaner CJ, Macdonald DW. A handbook on biotelemetry and radio tracking: proceedings of an International Conference on Telemetry and Radio Tracking in Biology and Medicine, Oxford, 20–22 March 1979: Elsevier; 2013.

63. Plummer KE, Siriwardena GM, Conway GJ, Risely K, Toms MP. Is supplementary feeding in gardens a driver of evolutionary change in a migratory bird species? Glob Chang Biol. 2015;21(12):4353–63. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13070 26400594

64. Gascon C, Lovejoy TE, Bierregaard RO Jr, Malcolm JR, Stouffer PC, Vasconcelos HL, et al. Matrix habitat and species richness in tropical forest remnants. Biol Conserv. 1999;91(2):223–9.

65. Scolozzi R, Geneletti D. A multi-scale qualitative approach to assess the impact of urbanization on natural habitats and their connectivity. Environ Impact Assess Rev. 2012;36:9–22.

Článek vyšel v časopise


2020 Číslo 1