Height of overburden fracture based on key strata theory in longwall face


Autoři: Weiyong Lu aff001;  Changchun He aff002;  Xin Zhang aff003
Působiště autorů: Department of Mining Engineering, Luliang University, Lvliang, Shanxi, P.R. China aff001;  School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, East China University of Technology, Nanchang, Jiangxi, P.R. China aff002;  School of Minerals and Energy Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW, Australia aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0228264

Souhrn

Among the three overburden zones (the caving zone, the fracture zone, and the continuous deformation zone) in longwall coal mining, the continuous deformation zone is often considered to be continuous without cracks, so continuum mechanics can be used to calculate the subsidence of overburden strata. Longwall coal mining, however, will induce the generation of wide cracks in the surface and thus may cause the continuous deformation zone to fracture. In this paper, whether there are cracks in the continuous deformation zone as well as the height of overburden fracture in longwall face and the subsidence and deformation of strata of different fracture penetration ratios were studied by means of physical simulation, theoretical analysis and numerical simulation. The results show that: (1) Rock stratum starts to fracture as long as it has slightly subsided for only tens of millimeters, and the height of fracture development is the height of working face overburden. (2) With the increase of fracture penetration ratio, the subsidence of key strata remains basically unchanged; the surface deformation range and the maximum compression deformation decrease, while the maximum horizontal movement and maximum horizontal tensile deformation increase. Therefore, the subsidence of overburden strata which have fractured but have not broken can be calculated through the continuum mechanics method.

Klíčová slova:

Coal – Compression – Continuum mechanics – Deformation – Engineers – Finite element analysis – Mining engineering – Simulation and modeling


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2020 Číslo 1