Wind energy development and wildlife conservation in Lithuania: A mapping tool for conflict assessment

Autoři: Rasa Morkūnė aff001;  Mantas Marčiukaitis aff002;  Viačeslav Jurkin aff001;  Giedrius Gecevičius aff004;  Julius Morkūnas aff001;  Liutauras Raudonikis aff005;  Antanas Markevičius aff002;  Aleksas Narščius aff001;  Zita R. Gasiūnaitė aff001
Působiště autorů: Marine Research Institute, Klaipeda University, Klaipėda, Lithuania aff001;  Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas, Lithuania aff002;  Coastal Research and Planning Institute, Klaipėda, Lithuania aff003;  University of Applied Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania aff004;  Lithuanian ornithological society, Vilnius, Lithuania aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article


The paper presents a mapping tool aiming to identify and minimise potential conflicts between onshore wind energy development and wildlife conservation in Lithuania. It merges current information on the distribution, conservation status and sensitivity of birds and bats to wind power with an integrated evaluation of wind resources (modelled wind speed), special planning status and technical perspectives of wind energy development. The paper includes assessment of the selected wildlife species which were described as sensitive to wind power (69 breeding and 43 migratory bird species and 17 bat species bats in the country). Used species level information allowed the precise identification of sensitive territories and might be used to mitigate negative wind farm effects using special measures based on species behavior. Finally, we delivered overlaps as possible conflicts among the most promising wind farm areas and the areas with high sensitivity in relation to bird and bat distribution. These overlaps point to the required attention and relevant decisions that are needed to ensure sustainable development of wind energy throughout the country. We suggest this tool for initial determination of appropriate areas for wind energy development in the country and as supplement to Environmental Impact Assessment.

Klíčová slova:

Alternative energy – Animal migration – Birds – Conservation science – Wildlife – Wind – Wind power – Lithuania


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2020 Číslo 1
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