Multidisciplinary investigation of two Egyptian child mummies curated at the University of Tartu Art Museum, Estonia (Late/Graeco-Roman Periods)

Autoři: Ester Oras aff001;  Jaanika Anderson aff003;  Mari Tõrv aff002;  Signe Vahur aff001;  Riina Rammo aff002;  Sünne Remmer aff004;  Maarja Mölder aff004;  Martin Malve aff002;  Lehti Saag aff005;  Ragnar Saage aff002;  Anu Teearu-Ojakäär aff001;  Pilleriin Peets aff001;  Kristiina Tambets aff005;  Mait Metspalu aff005;  David C. Lees aff007;  Maxwell V. L. Barclay aff007;  Martin J. R. Hall aff007;  Salima Ikram aff008;  Dario Piombino-Mascali aff010
Působiště autorů: Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia aff001;  Institute of History and Archaeology, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia aff002;  University of Tartu Museum, Tartu, Estonia aff003;  Estonian Forensic Science Institute, Tallinn, Estonia aff004;  Institute of Genomics, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia aff005;  Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia aff006;  The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom aff007;  Department of Sociology, Egyptology and Anthropology, American University in Cairo, New Cairo, Egypt aff008;  Department of Ancient Studies, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa aff009;  Department of Anatomy, Histology and Anthropology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania aff010
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227446


Two ancient Egyptian child mummies at the University of Tartu Art Museum (Estonia) were, according to museum records, brought to Estonia by the young Baltic-German scholar Otto Friedrich von Richter, who had travelled in Egypt during the early 19th century. Although some studies of the mummies were conducted, a thorough investigation has never been made. Thus, an interdisciplinary team of experts studied the remains using the most recent analytical methods in order to provide an exhaustive analysis of the remains. The bodies were submitted for osteological and archaeothanatological study, radiological investigation, AMS radiocarbon dating, chemical and textile analyses, 3D modelling, entomological as well as aDNA investigation. Here we synthesize the results of one of the most extensive multidisciplinary analyses of ancient Egyptian child mummies, adding significantly to our knowledge of such examples of ancient funerary practices.

Klíčová slova:

Fats – Feet – Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry – Head – Oils – Skull – Teeth – Toes


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