Spatial risk assessment of global change impacts on Swedish seagrass ecosystems

Autoři: Diana Perry aff001;  Linus Hammar aff003;  Hans W. Linderholm aff004;  Martin Gullström aff001
Působiště autorů: Seagrass Ecology and Physiology Research Group, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden aff001;  Department of Aquatic Resources, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Lysekil, Sweden aff002;  Octopus Ink Research & Analysis, Gothenburg, Sweden aff003;  Regional Climate Group, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article


Improved knowledge on the risk in ecologically important habitats on a regional scale from multiple stressors is critical for managing functioning and resilient ecosystems. This risk assessment aimed to identify seagrass ecosystems in southern Sweden that will be exposed to a high degree of change from multiple global change stressors in mid- and end-of-century climate change conditions. Risk scores were calculated from the expected overlap of three stressors: sea surface temperature increases, ocean acidification and wind driven turbid conditions. Three high-risk regions were identified as areas likely to be exposed to a particularly high level of pressure from the global stressors by the end of the century. In these areas it can be expected that there will be a large degree of stressor change from the current conditions. Given the ecological importance of seagrass meadows for maintaining high biodiversity and a range of other ecosystem services, these risk zones should be given high priority for incorporation into management strategies, which can attempt to reduce controllable stressors in order to mitigate the consequences of some of the impending pressures and manage for maintained ecosystem resilience.

Klíčová slova:

Ecosystem functioning – Ecosystems – Salinity – Sediment – Sweden – Wind – Ecological risk – Ocean acidification


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