Hexavalent chromium removal and total chromium biosorption from aqueous solution by Quercus crassipes acorn shell in a continuous up-flow fixed-bed column: Influencing parameters, kinetics, and mechanism

Autoři: Erick Aranda-García aff001;  Eliseo Cristiani-Urbina aff001
Působiště autorů: Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Departamento de Ingeniería Bioquímica, Avenida Wilfrido Massieu s/n, Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos, Delegación Gustavo A. Madero, Ciudad de México, México aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0227953


Continuous fixed-bed column studies were carried out, utilizing acorn shell from Quercus crassipes Humb. & Bonpl. (QCS), in order to remove total chromium and Cr(VI) from aqueous solution. Effects of various fixed-bed column parameters such as influent solution pH, influent flow rate, QCS bed height, and influent Cr(VI) concentration were investigated. Results from the fixed-bed column experiments demonstrate that total chromium biosorption and Cr(VI) removal by QCS depend strongly on the pH of influent solution. The highest capacities for Cr(VI) removal and total chromium biosorption are about 181.56 and 110.35 mg g-1 and are achieved at influent solution pH of 1.0 and 2.0, respectively. Besides this, total chromium biosorption capacities increased from 104.25 to 116.14 mg g-1, 109.07 to 117.44 mg g-1, and 85.02 to 129.87 mg g-1, as bed height, inlet flow rate, and influent Cr(VI) concentration increased from 1.7 to 6.5 cm, 0.25 to 1 mL min-1, and 50 to 400 mg L-1, respectively. The dose–response model defines the entire breakthrough curve for total chromium biosorption onto QCS, under all experimental conditions. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and biosorption kinetic studies revealed that QCS is able to remove toxic Cr(VI) from acidic liquid solution by means of a complex mechanism that involves the binding of Cr(VI) oxyanions to positively charged groups present at the QCS surface, after which the Cr(VI) species are reduced to Cr(III) by adjacent electron donor groups, and the generated Cr(III) ions then become partially bound to the QCS biomass and partially released into the liquid phase. Results show that QCS can be employed as an easily accessible, abundant, eco-friendly, and inexpensive biosorbent for the removal of total chromium and Cr(VI) from Cr(VI) solutions, in continuous operation.

Klíčová slova:

Aqueous solutions – Dose prediction methods – Effluent – Flow rate – Liquids – Solutions – Chromium – X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy


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