Sequencing artifacts derived from a library preparation method using enzymatic fragmentation


Autoři: Norio Tanaka aff001;  Akihisa Takahara aff001;  Taichi Hagio aff001;  Rika Nishiko aff001;  Junko Kanayama aff001;  Osamu Gotoh aff001;  Seiichi Mori aff001
Působiště autorů: Project for Development of Innovative Research on Cancer Therapeutics, Cancer Precision Medicine Center, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Ariake, Koto-ku, Tokyo, Japan aff001;  Data4C’s Co. Ltd., Minami-azabu, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227427

Souhrn

DNA fragmentation is a fundamental step during library preparation in hybridization capture-based, short-read sequencing. Ultra-sonication has been used thus far to prepare DNA of an appropriate size, but this method is associated with a considerable loss of DNA sample. More recently, studies have employed library preparation methods that rely on enzymatic fragmentation with DNA endonucleases to minimize DNA loss, particularly in nano-quantity samples. Yet, despite their wide use, the effect of enzymatic fragmentation on the resultant sequences has not been carefully assessed. Here, we used pairwise comparisons of somatic variants of the same tumor DNA samples prepared using ultrasonic and enzymatic fragmentation methods. Our analysis revealed a substantially larger number of recurrent artifactual SNVs/indels in endonuclease-treated libraries as compared with those created through ultrasonication. These artifacts were marked by palindromic structure in the genomic context, positional bias in sequenced reads, and multi-nucleotide substitutions. Taking advantage of these distinctive features, we developed a filtering algorithm to distinguish genuine somatic mutations from artifactual noise with high specificity and sensitivity. Noise cancelling recovered the composition of the mutational signatures in the tumor samples. Thus, we provide an informatics algorithm as a solution to the sequencing errors produced as a consequence of endonuclease-mediated fragmentation, highlighted for the first time in this study.

Klíčová slova:

Cancer treatment – DNA fragmentation – DNA libraries – DNA sequencing – Mutation databases – Nucleotide sequencing – Substitution mutation – DNA fragmentation techniques


Zdroje

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2020 Číslo 1