Assessing risk factors and impact of cyberbullying victimization among university students in Myanmar: A cross-sectional study

Autoři: Aye Thazin Khine aff001;  Yu Mon Saw aff002;  Zaw Ye Htut aff001;  Cho Thet Khaing aff004;  Htin Zaw Soe aff005;  Kyu Kyu Swe aff005;  Thinzar Thike aff006;  Hein Htet aff007;  Thu Nandar Saw aff008;  Su Myat Cho aff002;  Tetsuyoshi Kariya aff002;  Eiko Yamamoto aff002;  Nobuyuki Hamajima aff002
Působiště autorů: Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health and Sports, Nay Pyi Taw, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar aff001;  Department of Healthcare Administration, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan aff002;  Nagoya University Asian Satellite Campuses Institute, Nagoya, Japan aff003;  Department of Epidemiology, University of Public Health, Yangon, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar aff004;  University of Community Health, Magway, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar aff005;  Department of Food and Drug Administration, Ministry of Health and Sports, Nay Pyi Taw, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar aff006;  Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Medicine, Mandalay, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar aff007;  Department of Community and Global Health, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan aff008
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227051



Cyberbullying is a global public health concern with tremendous negative impacts, not only on the physical and mental health of students but also on their well-being and academic performance. However, there are very few studies on cyberbullying among university students, especially in Myanmar. This study aims to determine the percentage of university students who suffered cyberbullying victimization in the last 12 months, and the association between students’ socio-demographic characteristics, adverse events following cyberbullying and cyberbullying victimization.


A cross-sectional study was conducted among university students aged 18 years and older at one medical university in Magway, Myanmar. A total of 412 students (277 males and 135 females) participated in the study. Data were collected from August to September, 2018 using a self-administered questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analyses (models I and II) were performed to estimate the unadjusted (UOR) and adjusted odds ratios (AOR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI).


In total, 40.8% of males and 51.1% of females in the study had suffered cyberbullying victimization in the past 12 months. In model I, students who had been studying at the university for 3 years or less (AOR = 1.81; 95% CI 1.14–2.85), and who had witnessed psychological, physical or sexual violence, or cyberbullying in their neighborhoods, (AOR = 2.95; 95% CI 1.48–5.91) were more likely to have suffered cyberbullying victimization in the past 12 months. In model II, being a victim of cyberbullying was associated with difficulties in concentrating and understanding lectures (AOR = 3.96; 95% CI 1.72–9.11), and substance abuse (AOR = 2.37; 95% CI 1.02–5.49). Non-resident students were at a higher risk of being cyberbullying victims than their resident peers (AOR = 1.86; 95% CI 1.04–3.34).


Two out of five students had suffered cyberbullying victimization in the past 12 months, and only half of the victims discussed their experience(s) with someone else. Students who suffered cyberbullying victimization faced academic difficulties and started or increased smoking, betel chewing or alcohol drinking. Counter measures to prevent and mitigate the adverse events related to cyberbullying victimization are urgently needed among university students in Myanmar. Periodic screening for cyberbullying, counseling services, cyber-safety educational programs, and awareness raising campaigns should be implemented.

Klíčová slova:

Adverse events – Cell phones – Facebook – Internet – Lectures – Myanmar – Social media – Suicide


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