The effect of a web-based training for improving primary health care providers’ knowledge about diabetes mellitus management in rural China: A pre-post intervention study


Autoři: Mu-Hong Wei aff001;  Xian-Zhen Chen aff001;  Xing-Xin Zhan aff001;  Zhi-Xia Zhang aff001;  Shao-Jing Yu aff001;  Wei-Rong Yan aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, China aff001;  School of Nursing and Rehabilitation, Xinyu University, Xinyu, China aff002;  Wuchang University of Technology, Wuhan, China aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222930

Souhrn

Background

The performance of primary health care providers regarding DM management is poor in rural China, and effective training methods for providers are urgently needed. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of web-based training for improving knowledge about DM management among primary health care providers in rural China and to further compare the effects of the training effect between primary health care providers with different backgrounds.

Methods

A pre-post intervention study was conducted from April to August 2014. In this study, a total of 901 primary health care workers were recruited from six counties in Hubei province. To evaluate the effect of the web-based training, the knowledge achievement of participants was measured with multiple choice questions (MCQ) at baseline, at the end of two weeks of training and at three months after training. A mixed linear model (MLM) was used to measure group differences in the mean scores at baseline and follow-up.

Results

After the web-based training, the knowledge scores of the village doctors increased from 73.58 at baseline to 89.98 at posttest and to 84.57 three months after the training. For township health workers, we observed an upward trend in scores from 78.87 at the pre-test to 91.72 at the second test, and at the three months after the training, the scores increased to 94.91. For village doctors, greater knowledge achievement was observed between the scores at baseline and after two weeks of training(adjusted difference: 3.55, P = 0.03) compared to that observed for the township health workers, while decreased their knowledge achievement between baseline and the third-test compared with that of township health workers (adjusted difference: 5.05, P = 0.01).

Conclusions

This study suggested that web-based training was an effective method for improving the knowledge of primary health care providers about management of DM in remote areas. Compared with the effect of the training on village doctors, the training had a poor short-term effect on township health workers but a better long-term effect.

Klíčová slova:

Diabetes mellitus – Educational attainment – Health care providers – Internet – Medical doctors – Schools – Pilot studies – Trainees


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