Mapping online hate: A scientometric analysis on research trends and hotspots in research on online hate

Autoři: Ahmed Waqas aff001;  Joni Salminen aff003;  Soon-gyo Jung aff003;  Hind Almerekhi aff005;  Bernard J. Jansen aff003
Působiště autorů: University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom aff001;  CMH Lahore Medical College & Institute of Dentistry, Lahore, Pakistan aff002;  Qatar Computing Research Institute, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Doha, Qatar aff003;  Turku School of Economics at the University of Turku, Turku, Finland aff004;  Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Doha, Qatar aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222194


Internet and social media participation open doors to a plethora of positive opportunities for the general public. However, in addition to these positive aspects, digital technology also provides an effective medium for spreading hateful content in the form of cyberbullying, bigotry, hateful ideologies, and harassment of individuals and groups. This research aims to investigate the growing body of online hate research (OHR) by mapping general research indices, prevalent themes of research, research hotspots, and influential stakeholders such as organizations and contributing regions. For this, we use scientometric techniques and collect research papers from the Web of Science core database published through March 2019. We apply a predefined search strategy to retrieve peer-reviewed OHR and analyze the data using CiteSpace software by identifying influential papers, themes of research, and collaborating institutions. Our results show that higher-income countries contribute most to OHR, with Western countries accounting for most of the publications, funded by North American and European funding agencies. We also observed increased research activity post-2005, starting from more than 50 publications to more than 550 in 2018. This applies to a number of publications as well as citations. The hotbeds of OHR focus on cyberbullying, social media platforms, co-morbid mental disorders, and profiling of aggressors and victims. Moreover, we identified four main clusters of OHR: (1) Cyberbullying, (2) Sexual solicitation and intimate partner violence, (3) Deep learning and automation, and (4) Extremist and online hate groups, which highlight the cross-disciplinary and multifaceted nature of OHR as a field of research. The research has implications for researchers and policymakers engaged in OHR and its associated problems for individuals and society.

Klíčová slova:

Adolescents – Behavior – Citation analysis – Computer and information sciences – Internet – Social media – Social research – Scientometrics


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