Feed-forward visual processing suffices for coarse localization but fine-grained localization in an attention-demanding context needs feedback processing


Autoři: Sang-Ah Yoo aff001;  John K. Tsotsos aff002;  Mazyar Fallah aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada aff001;  Centre for Vision Research, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada aff002;  Active and Attentive Vision Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada aff003;  Visual Perception and Attention Laboratory, School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223166

Souhrn

It is well known that simple visual tasks, such as object detection or categorization, can be performed within a short period of time, suggesting the sufficiency of feed-forward visual processing. However, more complex visual tasks, such as fine-grained localization may require high-resolution information available at the early processing levels in the visual hierarchy. To access this information using a top-down approach, feedback processing would need to traverse several stages in the visual hierarchy and each step in this traversal takes processing time. In the present study, we compared the processing time required to complete object categorization and localization by varying presentation duration and complexity of natural scene stimuli. We hypothesized that performance would be asymptotic at shorter presentation durations when feed-forward processing suffices for visual tasks, whereas performance would gradually improve as images are presented longer if the tasks rely on feedback processing. In Experiment 1, where simple images were presented, both object categorization and localization performance sharply improved until 100 ms of presentation then it leveled off. These results are a replication of previously reported rapid categorization effects but they do not support the role of feedback processing in localization tasks, indicating that feed-forward processing enables coarse localization in relatively simple visual scenes. In Experiment 2, the same tasks were performed but more attention-demanding and ecologically valid images were used as stimuli. Unlike in Experiment 1, both object categorization performance and localization precision gradually improved as stimulus presentation duration became longer. This finding suggests that complex visual tasks that require visual scrutiny call for top-down feedback processing.

Klíčová slova:

Animal performance – Ellipses – Flowers – Neurons – Reaction time – Vision – Visual system – Neuronal tuning


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