Precision and consistency of the passive leg raising maneuver for determining fluid responsiveness with bioreactance non-invasive cardiac output monitoring in critically ill patients and healthy volunteers


Autoři: Sahil Chopra aff001;  Jordan Thompson aff002;  Shahab Shahangian aff003;  Suman Thapamagar aff001;  Dafne Moretta aff001;  Chris Gasho aff001;  Avi Cohen aff001;  H. Bryant Nguyen aff001
Působiště autorů: Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Hyperbaric, Allergy and Sleep Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, United States of America aff001;  School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, United States of America aff002;  Department of Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, United States of America aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222956

Souhrn

Objective

The passive leg raising (PLR) maneuver has become standard practice in fluid resuscitation. We aim to investigate the precision and consistency of the PLR for determining fluid responsiveness in critically ill patients and healthy volunteers using bioreactance non-invasive cardiac output monitoring (NiCOM™, Cheetah Medical, Inc., Newton Center, Massachusetts, USA).

Methods

This study is prospective, single-center, observational cohort with repeated measures in critically ill patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit and healthy volunteers at a tertiary academic medical center. Three cycles of PLR were performed, each at 20–30 minutes apart. Fluid responsiveness was defined as a change in stroke volume index (ΔSVI) > 10% with each PLR as determined by NiCOM™. Precision was the variability in ΔSVI after the 3 PLR’s, and determined by range, average deviation and standard deviation. Consistency was the same fluid responsiveness determination of “Yes” (ΔSVI > 10%) or “No” (ΔSVI ≤ 10%) for all 3 PLR’s.

Results

Seventy-five patients and 25 volunteers were enrolled. In patients, the precision was range of 17.2±13.3%, average deviation 6.5±4.0% and standard deviation 9.0±5.2%; and for volunteers, 17.4±10.3%, 6.6±3.8% and 9.0±6.7%, respectively. There was no statistical difference in the precision measurements between patients and volunteers. Forty-nine (65.3%) patients vs. twenty-four (96.0%) volunteers had consistent results, p < 0.01. Among those with consistent results, twenty-four (49.0%) patients and 24 (100%) volunteers were fluid responsive.

Conclusions

The precision and consistency of determining ΔSVI with NiCOM™ after PLR may have clinical implication if ΔSVI > 10% is the absolute cutoff to determine fluid responsiveness.

Klíčová slova:

Blood pressure – Cardiac output – Cardiology – Catheters – Heart rate – Hemodynamics – Resuscitation – Stroke


Zdroje

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2019 Číslo 9

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