Functional information from clinically-derived drug resistant forms of the Candida glabrata Pdr1 transcription factor

Autoři: Lucia Simonicova aff001;  W. Scott Moye-Rowley aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, United States of America aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: Functional information from clinically-derived drug resistant forms of the Candida glabrata Pdr1 transcription factor. PLoS Genet 16(8): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1009005
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1009005


Azole drugs are the most frequently used antifungal agents. The pathogenic yeast Candida glabrata acquires resistance to azole drugs via single amino acid substitution mutations eliciting a gain-of-function (GOF) hyperactive phenotype in the Pdr1 transcription factor. These GOF mutants constitutively drive high transcription of target genes such as the ATP-binding cassette transporter-encoding CDR1 locus. Previous characterization of Pdr1 has demonstrated that this factor is negatively controlled by the action of a central regulatory domain (CRD) of ~700 amino acids, in which GOF mutations are often found. Our earlier experiments demonstrated that a Pdr1 derivative in which the CRD was deleted gave rise to a transcriptional regulator that could not be maintained as the sole copy of PDR1 in the cell owing to its toxically high activity. Using a set of GOF PDR1 alleles from azole-resistant clinical isolates, we have analyzed the mechanisms acting to repress Pdr1 transcriptional activity. Our data support the view that Pdr1-dependent transactivation is mediated by a complex network of transcriptional coactivators interacting with the extreme C-terminal part of Pdr1. These coactivators include but are not limited to the Mediator component Med15A. Activity of this C-terminal domain is controlled by the CRD and requires multiple regions across the C-terminus for normal function. We also provide genetic evidence for an element within the transactivation domain that mediates the interaction of Pdr1 with coactivators on one hand while restricting Pdr1 activity on the other hand. These data indicate that GOF mutations in PDR1 block nonidentical negative inputs that would otherwise restrain Pdr1 transcriptional activation. The strong C-terminal transactivation domain of Pdr1 uses multiple different protein regions to recruit coactivators.

Klíčová slova:

DNA transcription – Gene expression – Methionine – Mutation – Plasmid construction – Substitution mutation – Transcription factors – Transactivation


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