Pan-genomic open reading frames: A potential supplement of single nucleotide polymorphisms in estimation of heritability and genomic prediction


Autoři: Zhengcao Li aff001;  Henner Simianer aff001
Působiště autorů: Animal Breeding and Genetics Group, Center for Integrated Breeding Research, Department of Animal Sciences, University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany aff001;  State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: Pan-genomic open reading frames: A potential supplement of single nucleotide polymorphisms in estimation of heritability and genomic prediction. PLoS Genet 16(8): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1008995
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008995

Souhrn

Pan-genomic open reading frames (ORFs) potentially carry protein-coding gene or coding variant information in a population. In this study, we suggest that pan-genomic ORFs are promising to be utilized in estimation of heritability and genomic prediction. A Saccharomyces cerevisiae dataset with whole-genome SNPs, pan-genomic ORFs, and the copy numbers of those ORFs is used to test the effectiveness of ORF data as a predictor in three prediction models for 35 traits. Our results show that the ORF-based heritability can capture more genetic effects than SNP-based heritability for all traits. Compared to SNP-based genomic prediction (GBLUP), pan-genomic ORF-based genomic prediction (OBLUP) is distinctly more accurate for all traits, and the predictive abilities on average are more than doubled across all traits. For four traits, the copy number of ORF-based prediction(CBLUP) is more accurate than OBLUP. When using different numbers of isolates in training sets in ORF-based prediction, the predictive abilities for all traits increased as more isolates are added in the training sets, suggesting that with very large training sets the prediction accuracy will be in the range of the square root of the heritability. We conclude that pan-genomic ORFs have the potential to be a supplement of single nucleotide polymorphisms in estimation of heritability and genomic prediction.

Klíčová slova:

Gene prediction – Genetics – Genomics – Heredity – Human genomics – Principal component analysis – Saccharomyces cerevisiae – Single nucleotide polymorphisms


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