Disruption of the ERLIN–TM6SF2–APOB complex destabilizes APOB and contributes to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease


Autoři: Bo-Tao Li aff001;  Ming Sun aff001;  Yun-Feng Li aff001;  Ju-Qiong Wang aff001;  Zi-Mu Zhou aff001;  Bao-Liang Song aff001;  Jie Luo aff001
Působiště autorů: Hubei Key Laboratory of Cell Homeostasis, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: Disruption of the ERLIN–TM6SF2–APOB complex destabilizes APOB and contributes to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. PLoS Genet 16(8): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1008955
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008955

Souhrn

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a metabolic disorder characterized by excess lipid accumulation in the liver without significant consumption of alcohol. The transmembrane 6 superfamily member 2 (TM6SF2) E167K missense variant strongly associates with NAFLD in humans. The E167K mutation destabilizes TM6SF2, resulting in hepatic lipid accumulation and low serum lipid levels. However, the molecular mechanism by which TM6SF2 regulates lipid metabolism remains unclear. By using tandem affinity purification in combination with mass spectrometry, we found that apolipoprotein B (APOB), ER lipid raft protein (ERLIN) 1 and 2 were TM6SF2-interacting proteins. ERLINs and TM6SF2 mutually bound and stabilized each other. TM6SF2 bound and stabilized APOB via two luminal loops. ERLINs did not interact with APOB directly but still increased APOB stability through stabilizing TM6SF2. This APOB stabilization was hampered by the E167K mutation that reduced the protein expression of TM6SF2. In mice, knockout of Tm6sf2 and knockdown of Tm6sf2 or Erlins decreased hepatic APOB protein level, causing lipid accumulation in the liver and lowering lipid levels in the serum. We conclude that defective APOB stabilization, as a result of ERLINs or TM6SF2 deficiency or E167K mutation, is a key factor contributing to NAFLD.

Klíčová slova:

Fatty liver – Cholesterol – Immunoblotting – Immunoprecipitation – Lipids – Oils – Small interfering RNA – Transfection


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PLOS Genetics


2020 Číslo 8

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