Two transcriptionally distinct pathways drive female development in a reptile with both genetic and temperature dependent sex determination

Autoři: Sarah L. Whiteley aff001;  Clare E. Holleley aff002;  Susan Wagner aff001;  James Blackburn aff003;  Ira W. Deveson aff003;  Jennifer A. Marshall Graves aff001;  Arthur Georges aff001
Působiště autorů: Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia aff001;  Australian National Wildlife Collection CSIRO National Research Collections Australia, Canberra, Australia aff002;  Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, Australia aff003;  St. Vincent’s Clinical School, UNSW, Sydney, Australia aff004;  Latrobe University, Melbourne, Australia aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: Two transcriptionally distinct pathways drive female development in a reptile with both genetic and temperature dependent sex determination. PLoS Genet 17(4): e1009465. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1009465
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1009465


How temperature determines sex remains unknown. A recent hypothesis proposes that conserved cellular mechanisms (calcium and redox; ‘CaRe’ status) sense temperature and identify genes and regulatory pathways likely to be involved in driving sexual development. We take advantage of the unique sex determining system of the model organism, Pogona vitticeps, to assess predictions of this hypothesis. P. vitticeps has ZZ male: ZW female sex chromosomes whose influence can be overridden in genetic males by high temperatures, causing male-to-female sex reversal. We compare a developmental transcriptome series of ZWf females and temperature sex reversed ZZf females. We demonstrate that early developmental cascades differ dramatically between genetically driven and thermally driven females, later converging to produce a common outcome (ovaries). We show that genes proposed as regulators of thermosensitive sex determination play a role in temperature sex reversal. Our study greatly advances the search for the mechanisms by which temperature determines sex.

Klíčová slova:

Calcium signaling – Embryos – Gene expression – Gene regulation – Gonads – Heat shock response – Sex determination – Sexual differentiation


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