Synergistic action of the transcription factors Krüppel homolog 1 and Hairy in juvenile hormone/Methoprene-tolerant-mediated gene-repression in the mosquito Aedes aegypti

Autoři: Tusar T. Saha aff001;  Sourav Roy aff001;  Gaofeng Pei aff004;  Wei Dou aff001;  Zhen Zou aff004;  Alexander S. Raikhel aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Entomology and Institute of Integrative Biology, University of California, Riverside, California, United States of America aff001;  Department of Biological Sciences, Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, K. K. Birla Goa Campus, Goa, India aff002;  Department of Biological Sciences, University of Texas El Paso, Texas aff003;  State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China aff004;  University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China aff005;  College of Plant Protection, Southwest University, Chongqing, China aff006
Vyšlo v časopise: Synergistic action of the transcription factors Krüppel homolog 1 and Hairy in juvenile hormone/Methoprene-tolerant-mediated gene-repression in the mosquito Aedes aegypti. PLoS Genet 15(10): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1008443
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008443


Arthropod-specific juvenile hormones control numerous essential functions in development and reproduction. In the dengue-fever mosquito Aedes aegypti, in addition to its role in immature stages, juvenile hormone III (JH) governs post-eclosion (PE) development in adult females, a phase required for competence acquisition for blood feeding and subsequent egg maturation. During PE, JH through its receptor Methoprene-tolerant (Met) regulate the expression of many genes, causing either activation or repression. Met-mediated gene repression is indirect, requiring involvement of intermediate repressors. Hairy, which functions downstream of Met in the JH gene-repression hierarchy, is one such factor. Krüppel-homolog 1, a zinc-finger transcriptional factor, is directly regulated by Met and has been implicated in both activation and repression of JH-regulated genes. However, the interaction between Hairy and Kr-h1 in the JH-repression hierarchy is not well understood. Our RNAseq-based transcriptomic analysis of the Kr-h1-depleted mosquito fat body revealed that 92% of Kr-h1 repressed genes are also repressed by Met, supporting the existence of a hierarchy between Met and Kr-h1 as previously demonstrated in various insects. Notably, 130 genes are co-repressed by both Kr-h1 and Hairy, indicating regulatory complexity of the JH-mediated PE gene repression. A mosquito Kr-h1 binding site in genes co-regulated by this factor and Hairy was identified computationally. Moreover, this was validated using electrophoretic mobility shift assays. A complete phenocopy of the effect of Met RNAi depletion on target genes could only be observed after Kr-h1 and Hairy double RNAi knockdown, suggesting a synergistic action between these two factors in target gene repression. This was confirmed using a cell-culture-based luciferase reporter assay. Taken together, our results indicate that Hairy and Kr-h1 not only function as intermediate downstream factors, but also act together in a synergistic fashion in the JH/Met gene repression hierarchy.

Klíčová slova:

Fats – Gene expression – Gene regulation – Hair – Luciferase – Mosquitoes – RNA interference – Sequence motif analysis


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