Chromosome separation during Drosophila male meiosis I requires separase-mediated cleavage of the homolog conjunction protein UNO


Autoři: Joe Weber aff001;  Zeynep Kabakci aff001;  Soumya Chaurasia aff001;  Erich Brunner aff001;  Christian F. Lehner aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Molecular Life Science (DMLS), University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: Chromosome separation during Drosophila male meiosis I requires separase-mediated cleavage of the homolog conjunction protein UNO. PLoS Genet 16(10): e1008928. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1008928
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008928

Souhrn

Regular chromosome segregation during the first meiotic division requires prior pairing of homologous chromosomes into bivalents. During canonical meiosis, linkage between homologous chromosomes is maintained until late metaphase I by chiasmata resulting from meiotic recombination in combination with distal sister chromatid cohesion. Separase-mediated elimination of cohesin from chromosome arms at the end of metaphase I permits terminalization of chiasmata and homolog segregation to opposite spindle poles during anaphase I. Interestingly, separase is also required for bivalent splitting during meiosis I in Drosophila males, where homologs are conjoined by an alternative mechanism independent of meiotic recombination and cohesin. Here we report the identification of a novel alternative homolog conjunction protein encoded by the previously uncharacterized gene univalents only (uno). The univalents that are present in uno null mutants at the start of meiosis I, instead of normal bivalents, are segregated randomly. In wild type, UNO protein is detected in dots associated with bivalent chromosomes and most abundantly at the localized pairing site of the sex chromosomes. UNO is cleaved by separase. Expression of a mutant UNO version with a non-functional separase cleavage site restores homolog conjunction in a uno null background. However, separation of bivalents during meiosis I is completely abrogated by this non-cleavable UNO version. Therefore, we propose that homolog separation during Drosophila male meiosis I is triggered by separase-mediated cleavage of UNO.

Klíčová slova:

Anaphase – Centromeres – Drosophila melanogaster – Meiosis – Sex chromosomes – Spermatids – Spermatocytes – Testes


Zdroje

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