Double drives and private alleles for localised population genetic control


Autoři: Katie Willis aff001;  Austin Burt aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot, United Kingdom aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: Double drives and private alleles for localised population genetic control. PLoS Genet 17(3): e1009333. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1009333
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1009333

Souhrn

Synthetic gene drive constructs could, in principle, provide the basis for highly efficient interventions to control disease vectors and other pest species. This efficiency derives in part from leveraging natural processes of dispersal and gene flow to spread the construct and its impacts from one population to another. However, sometimes (for example, with invasive species) only specific populations are in need of control, and impacts on non-target populations would be undesirable. Many gene drive designs use nucleases that recognise and cleave specific genomic sequences, and one way to restrict their spread would be to exploit sequence differences between target and non-target populations. In this paper we propose and model a series of low threshold double drive designs for population suppression, each consisting of two constructs, one imposing a reproductive load on the population and the other inserted into a differentiated locus and controlling the drive of the first. Simple deterministic, discrete-generation computer simulations are used to assess the alternative designs. We find that the simplest double drive designs are significantly more robust to pre-existing cleavage resistance at the differentiated locus than single drive designs, and that more complex designs incorporating sex ratio distortion can be more efficient still, even allowing for successful control when the differentiated locus is neutral and there is up to 50% pre-existing resistance in the target population. Similar designs can also be used for population replacement, with similar benefits. A population genomic analysis of CRISPR PAM sites in island and mainland populations of the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae indicates that the differentiation needed for our methods to work can exist in nature. Double drives should be considered when efficient but localised population genetic control is needed and there is some genetic differentiation between target and non-target populations.

Klíčová slova:

Genetic loci – Guide RNA – Heterozygosity – Islands – Nucleases – Pest control – Population genetics – Population size


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