Octopamine neuron dependent aggression requires dVGLUT from dual-transmitting neurons


Autoři: Lewis M. Sherer aff001;  Elizabeth Catudio Garrett aff001;  Hannah R. Morgan aff002;  Edmond D. Brewer aff002;  Lucy A. Sirrs aff002;  Harold K. Shearin aff003;  Jessica L. Williams aff003;  Brian D. McCabe aff004;  R. Steven Stowers aff003;  Sarah J. Certel aff001
Působiště autorů: Cellular, Molecular and Microbial Biology Graduate Program, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, United States of America aff001;  Division of Biological Sciences, Center for Structural and Functional Neuroscience, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, United States of America aff002;  Cell Biology and Neuroscience Department, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America aff003;  Brain Mind Institute, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: Octopamine neuron dependent aggression requires dVGLUT from dual-transmitting neurons. PLoS Genet 16(2): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1008609
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008609

Souhrn

Neuromodulators such as monoamines are often expressed in neurons that also release at least one fast-acting neurotransmitter. The release of a combination of transmitters provides both “classical” and “modulatory” signals that could produce diverse and/or complementary effects in associated circuits. Here, we establish that the majority of Drosophila octopamine (OA) neurons are also glutamatergic and identify the individual contributions of each neurotransmitter on sex-specific behaviors. Males without OA display low levels of aggression and high levels of inter-male courtship. Males deficient for dVGLUT solely in OA-glutamate neurons (OGNs) also exhibit a reduction in aggression, but without a concurrent increase in inter-male courtship. Within OGNs, a portion of VMAT and dVGLUT puncta differ in localization suggesting spatial differences in OA signaling. Our findings establish a previously undetermined role for dVGLUT in OA neurons and suggests that glutamate uncouples aggression from OA-dependent courtship-related behavior. These results indicate that dual neurotransmission can increase the efficacy of individual neurotransmitters while maintaining unique functions within a multi-functional social behavior neuronal network.

Klíčová slova:

Aggression – Behavior – Drosophila melanogaster – Glutamate – Motor neurons – Neurons – Synaptic vesicles – Neurotransmitter receptor signaling


Zdroje

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