Cílené terapie při léčbě pokročilého nemalobuněčného karcinomu plic: nové poznatky


Autoři: L. Mendoza
Působiště autorů: INC Research, Prague, Czech Republic
Vyšlo v časopise: Klin Onkol 2009; 22(4): 131-138
Kategorie: Přehledy

Souhrn

Po několika letech klinických studií pokročilého nemalobuněčného karcinomu plic (non small cell lung cancer – NSCLC), které byly charakteristické nedostatečnou účinností chemoterapie v porovnání s nejlepší podpůrnou péčí, jsme v poslední době zaznamenali významný klinický přínos vybraných cílených terapií. Během neustálého vývoje těchto nových protinádorových terapií byla prokázána lepší prognóza přežití nejen v prvotní léčbě, ale v poslední době dokonce u pacientů s recidivou po předchozí jedné nebo dvou neúspěšných chemoterapiích. Prvními látkami v této rozsáhlé skupině, u kterých byla prokázána klinická účinnost, byly tyrozinkinázové (TK) inhibitory receptorů epidermálního růstového faktoru (epidermal growth factor receptor – EGFR). Nejlepšími zástupci nových léčiv pro kontrolu a zmírnění nádoru jsou erlotinib (typ EGFR) a bevacizumab (receptor vaskulárního endotelového růstového faktoru – vascular endothelial growth factor receptor – VEGFR). Tento článek uvádí přehled nejslibnějších nově cílených látek včetně těch, které již byly schváleny a v současné době jsou v lékařské praxi používány.

Klíčová slova:
nemalobuněčný karcinom plic – tyrozin kináza – EGFR – VEGFR


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Štítky
Dětská onkologie Chirurgie všeobecná Onkologie

Článek vyšel v časopise

Klinická onkologie

Číslo 4

2009 Číslo 4

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