title applies to period of the communistic regime directed by the
Soviet Russia since February 1949 till November 1989.
the Second World War our country was an important cross-road between
West and East and South and North since the 10th
century. The postwar Jalta Treaty shifted the former Czechoslovakia
to the Eastern Block, though we represented the Central European
Culture for centuries.
remember the events regarding burn care during those 40 years of
closed guarded frontiers there should be pointed out the first
meeting behind the Iron Curtain organised in Prague by Prof. Burian’s
school on the occasion of the 10thAnniversary of
the Prague Burn Centre: “Symposium de Ustionibus cum participatione
internationali” on November 8-9, 1963 (Fig. 1).
introductory lecture was given by A. B. Wallace. To quote: “...symposia
are invaluable in bringing together workers of several disciplines to
attack a particular problem. Recent advances are submitted but at the
same time work of previous generations of surgeons should be
recalled. Many of their observations were astute and fundamental.
Since skin is complex in origin, in structure and in properties, the
burn problem is of necessity difficult to solve...”
Second International Congress for Research in Burns was organised in
Edinburgh on September 20-25, 1965 by A. B. Wallace who was elected
general secretary of the founded International Society for Burn
Injuries (I.S.B.I.) (Fig. 2).
of the Czechoslovak participants were acting as founding members. A.
B.Wallace closed the opening ceremony with words: “What is lacking
today more than anything else is active leadership and humble
invitations followed to Uppsala by Prof. Tord Skoog in May 1966, and
in October 1966 an invitation to Edinburgh for six months to work in
a post of Senior House Officer. Three plastic surgeons - Prof.
Burian’s pupils - turned to profit all experience gained in
Scotland during the following years in the plastic surgery department
and in the Burn Unit.
arranging the Third I.S.B.I. Congress for Research in Burns (Fig. 3)
was determined Prague on September 20-25, 1970. The congress was
opened with a sermon by A. B. Wallace at the Charles University. The
Visitors’ Book of the Prague Burn Center was settled and started by
A. B. Wallace with the following words:
more than exist - live,
more than touch - feel,
more than hear - listen,
more than listen - understand,
more than think - ponder,
more than talk - say something.
Fourth I.S.B.I. Congress took place in Buenos Aires in 1974, also
attended by a few plastic and burn surgeons from Czechoslovakia.
celebrate the 20th
Anniversary of the Prague Burn Centre there was organised a Symposium
on Treatment of Burns on September 13-15, 1973 (Fig. 4). Thereupon
repeated invitations to participate at various international meetings
were following on.
National Conference on Burns and Plastic Surgeons took place in Sofia
on October 20-21, 1976 (see Gallery,
Fig. 5) where the Czechoslovak burn and plastic surgeons made
friendship with many others, especially with French delegates.
French Burn Society hosted Czech participants at the National Meeting
on Burns in La Baule on June 16-17, 1977 (Fig. 6).
the Fifth International Congress for Research in Burns was elected by
the I.S.B.I. Stockholm on June 18-23, 1978, where Czechoslovak
specialists had several presentations and mutual exchange of
experience was increasing (Fig.
French Burn Society repeated the successful Burns Conference in La
Baule on May 21-22, 1979, again hosting Czech participants.
German Society also arranged a symposium in Düsseldorf (Fig. 8) on
September 26-28, 1979, having in- vited speaker from Prague.
national meeting with international participation in Prague was held
on May 19-20, 1980 (Fig. 9), followed by the International
Symposium on Burn Disasters in Padua on September 25-27, 1980.
Here were initiated close contacts and future collaboration with the
Italian specialists, particularly with Palermo. To enumerate all the
conferences held in Palermo would cover a whole page.
First Afro-Asian Conference on Burns in Bombay on January 14-16,
1981 (Fig. 10) started my work in Ahmedabad in the north of India.
historical event was the ISBI/WHO meeting in Copenhagen (Fig. 11),
where the European Burns Association was established on May 26, 1981.
Sixth I.S.B.I. Congress for Research in Burns in San Francisco,
California (Fig. 12), was organised on August 29-September 4,
1982. There were presented numerous reports by Czechoslovak
First International Paramedical Burn Congress in Beverwijk (Fig. 13)
on May 26-28, 1983 demonstrated the significance of
interdisciplinary approach to burns.
Anniversary of the Prague Burn Centre on September 25-27, 1983 (Fig.
14) was attended by hundreds of specialists from abroad, from East
and West. Many other contacts with abroad were initiated.
Mac Millan (the head of the Shriners Burn Institute in Cincinnati)
presided the I.S.B.I./E.B.A. Congress in Brussels (Fig. 15) on June
in Leipzig (Fig. 16) on January 12-13, 1984 with attendance of many
Czechoslovak burn surgeons preceded the Congress mentioned above.
I.S.B.I. Congress together with WHO in Geneva (Fig. 17) on May 2-4,
1985 was dealing with the “Guidelines for Burn Care Services”.
Hungarian Surgical Conference including Sectio Termico-Chirurgica in
Gyšr, Hungary was held on May 23-24, 1985 (Fig. 18). There were
several burn surgeons awarded “Honorary Membership”.
Skoog Society of Plastic Surgeons organized Finish Meeting in
Hanasaari, Espoo, on June 12-14, 1985 (Fig. 19). The event had Czech
the First E.B.A. Congress, Groningen was elected (Fig.
Congress took place on October 23-26, 1985.
First International Workshop on Psycho-Social Care in Burned Patient,
presided by N. Bernstein, a famous psychiatrist from Harward, was
organised in Leuven on October 28-30, 1985, hosting the invited
Czech speaker (Fig. 21).
International Meeting on Metabolic and Immunological Problems of Burn
took place in Verona, on April 11-12, 1986 (Fig. 22).
Geneva Congress on Burn Injuries discussed New Concepts in Burns and
was held on June 21-26, 1987 (Fig. 23).
the Second E.B.A. Congress, Aachen was determined (Fig. 24). The
event was held on October 7-10, 1987.
these meetings were attended by Czechoslovak participants.
camp for burned children (Fig. 25) took place in 1989. There were
also Czech paediatric patients invited together with Czech
Ministries of Health of Czechoslovakia and Cuba arranged a 5-week
course for doctors of Cuba in Habana (Fig. 26) during January and
February 1989. Lectures and surgical procedures were performed by
burn surgeons from Prague in several provinces of Cuba.
IPRS Congress was organized by plastic surgeons and attended by
Czechoslovak specialists in Istanbul, September 3-6, 1989 (Fig. 27).
Psychological and Social Care was the topic of the international
meeting in Groningen (Fig. 28) (presided again by N. Bernstein) on
September 24-27, 1989. There were pointed out the psychic problems
in burns and the importance of the continual treatment.
last Congress in Czechoslovakia with closed frontiers was the Third
E.B.A. Congress organised in Prague (Fig. 29) on October 4-7,
1989. Many participants were welcomed from Europe and other
next event was the “Velvet Revolution” in Czechoslovakia on
November 17, 1989, the frontiers opened and many other discoveries
appeared in economical, social and ethical spheres, which are up to
the younger generations to disclose and to solve.
as invited lecture at the ECPB Workshop 2007, European Club for
Paediatric Burns, on September 23–26, 2007, in Seggau Castle bei
Radana Königová, M.D., D.Sc.
Medical Faculty, Charles University