Motocyklové nehody: vybraná témata pro soudnělékařské hodnocení


Autoři: M. Janík ;  I. Komáreková
Působiště autorů: Institute of forensic medicine and medicolegal expertises, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Martin, Slovak Republic
Vyšlo v časopise: Soud Lék., 57, 2012, No. 4, p. 71-74
Kategorie: Původní práce

Souhrn

Motocyklisti sú vystavený závažným až smrteľným poraneniam omnoho častejšie ako ostatní účastníci cestnej premávky. Typickým mechanizmom smrteľnej dopravnej nehody motocyklistu je jeho kolízia s pohybujúcim sa dopravným prostriedkom alebo náraz motocyklistu do pevnej prekážky. Najčastejším mechanizmom vzniku poranení je tupý náraz, zapríčiňujúci rozsiahle vonkajšie a vnútorné poranenia, z nich najviac nebezpečné sú úrazy hlavy a miechy. Predkladaný článok taktiež poukazuje na výrazne negatívny účinok alkoholovej opitosti na dopravnú úrazovosť motocyklistov. Prehľad vybraných rizikových faktorov s rozborom typickým poranení motocyklistov má za cieľ pomôcť nielen súdnym lekárom a klinikom pri ich dennodennej praxi, ale aj predstaviteľom represívnych zložiek štátnej moci v účinnejšej prevencii takýchto úmrtí.

Kľúčové slová:
úmrtia motocyklistov – rizikové faktory – poranenia motocyklistov – ovplyvnenie alkoholom – súdnolekárska štúdia


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Štítky
Patologie Soudní lékařství Toxikologie

Článek vyšel v časopise

Soudní lékařství

Číslo 4

2012 Číslo 4

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