Determination of subjective changes in swallowing of elderly patients

Authors: L. Karásková;  J. Škvrňáková;  P. Mandysová
Authors‘ workplace: Fakulta zdravotnických studií, Univerzita Pardubice
Published in: Geriatrie a Gerontologie 2012, 1, č. 1: 20-23
Category: Original Article/Study


Determination of subjective changes in swallowing of elderly patients Swallowing disorders (aphagopraxia) are fairly common problem which causes a lot of serious, life-threatening complications. Their formation involves a wide range of causes e.g. tumorous, inflammatory, cardiovascular and neurological diseases or head and neck injuries. A considerable incidence of swallowing disorders is also associated with the old age. International studies and scientific literature show various values depending on the population and the type of study where the percentage of the incidence of swallowing disorders of persons over 65 years range from 13,8 % to 50 %. Physiological changes in the digestive tract happen in connection with degenerative, morphologic and functional changes of elderly patients’ organs. They may result in possible problems with swallowing. That is why we are focused on persons over sixty-five years in our research study to confirm or disproved this theory. The running preliminary results of our investigations have revealed the occurrence of swallowing disorders in persons over 65 years in 55,36 %. To collect the data we used the subjective evaluation of swallowing function method and EAT-10 questionnaire. This thesis presents the running preliminary results of our investigations which still continue.

Key words:
dysphagia – EAT-10 –Mini-Cog – seniors – quality of life


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