Small-cell lung cancer: epidemiology, diagnostics and therapy


Authors: Miloš Pešek 1;  Jan Mužík 2
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika pneumologie a ftizeologie LF UK a FN Plzeň 1;  ÚZIS Praha 2
Published in: Vnitř Lék 2017; 63(11): 876-883
Category: Reviews

Overview

Authors present actual overview of information on diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). This highly aggressive type of lung cancer is diagnosed in 14.8 % of Czech lung cancer patients. Vast majority of those patients (87 %) suffer from advanced and metastatic disease in the time of diagnosis. In this issue are presented prognostic factors, staging diagnostic procedures and therapeutic recommendations. The backbone of actual SCLC treatment is combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy and less frequently, carefully in selected cases, surgical procedures. SCLC should be have as chemosensitive, chemoresistent or chemorefractory disease. Actual cytostatic combinations used in 1st line treatment, different schedules of chemoradiotherapy, drugs used in second line treatment and schedules and timing of prophylactic brain irradiation are presented. In near future, perspectively, there are some promissible data on antitumour immunotherapy based on anti CTLA-4 and anti PD-1/PE-L1 antibodies also in SCLC patients.

Key words:
cancer immunotherapy – concomitant chemoradiotherapy – chemotherapy – chest radiotherapy – lung resections – prophylactic brain irradiation – small cell lung cancer


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Labels
Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine

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