Diagnostics and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia – simplicity is the key to success


Authors: Vítězslav Kolek ;  Petr Jakubec ;  Stanislav Losse
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika plicních nemocí a tuberkulózy LF UP a FN Olomouc
Published in: Vnitř Lék 2017; 63(11): 770-775
Category: Reviews

Overview

Pneumonia is the most wide-spread infectious disease and requires unrelenting attention. It is defined as an acute inflammatory disease affecting pulmonary alveoli, respiratory bronchioles and the pulmonary interstitium. In recent years we have seen the endeavour to rationalize the approach to pneumonias and utilize the current methods of administering effective antibiotics to reduce occurrence of complications, limit the number of hospitalizations and shorten the length of treatment. With the awareness of all the potential agents it is empiric therapy which predominates, being supported by the knowledge of a regional epidemiological situation, good diagnosing and experience of rational antibiotic treatment. Very important is categorization of patients based on possible risks of complications and mortality. Considering that an appropriate form of treatment is chosen: outpatient care or hospitalization.

Key words:
community-acquired pneumonia – treatment criteria – prognosis – occurrence


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Labels
Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine

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Internal Medicine

Issue 11

2017 Issue 11

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