Sarcoidosis – enigmatic disease still unresolved


Authors: Vítězslav Kolek;  Monika Žurková;  Vladimíra Lošťáková
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika plicních nemocí a tuberkulózy LF UP a FN Olomouc
Published in: Vnitř Lék 2017; 63(11): 807-814
Category: Reviews

Overview

Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology, characterized by the presence of granulomatous inflammation in affected tissues. In about 90 % it affects the lungs, but it may basically affect any organ, the most frequently the skin, lymph nodes and eyes. In the case of classic lung manifestation this disease is not difficult to diagnose. When dealing with extrapulmonary manifestations, interdisciplinary cooperation is necessary. The treatment of sarcoidosis is needed in about half of the cases, in some 30 % of patients it may change into a chronic stage and possibly lead to serious health problems or premature death. Treatment is commenced following individual evaluation of the extent of the disease and considering its benefit against possible secondary effects. Corticosteroids remain the systemic drugs of first choice. When ineffective or not tolerated, the drugs of second choice are given, these are corticosteroid replacement drugs such as methotrexate, antimalarial drugs and immunosuppressive drugs. For refractory forms, biological therapy is administered, in particular infliximab or adalimumab.

Key words:
biological therapy – corticosteroids – corticosteroid replacement treatment – extrapulmonary lesions – sarcoidosis


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Labels
Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine

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