Extrinsic allergic alveolitis: minimum for clinical practice

Authors: Martina Šterclová
Authors‘ workplace: Pneumologická klinika 1. LF UK a Thomayerovy nemocnice, Praha
Published in: Vnitř Lék 2017; 63(11): 802-806
Category: Reviews


Extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA) represent a group of diseases, that develop in susceptible individuals after repeated exposure to usually organic inhalation antigen. Patient may be in contact with these agents both in occupational and in home environment, as well as during free time activities and hobbies. The course of the disease is highly variable – EAA may have dramatic symptoms with fever, cough and severe dyspnoea as well as may be presented with slowly increasing dyspnoea and chronic cough. The more inconspicious are the symptoms of chronic EAA, the more problematic its treatment may be. Treatment options must be sought individually and respect potential risks and benefits for the patient. Avoiding further contact with offending antigens as well as optimizing patients nutritional status and starting pulmonary rehabilitation should be emphasized.

Key words:
corticosteroids – extrinsic allergic alveolitis – environmental exposure


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