Colitis precipitated by Clostridium difficile –  a serious current problem


Authors: P. Husa
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika infekčních chorob Lékařské fakulty MU a FN Brno, pracoviště Bohunice, přednosta prof. MU Dr. Petr Husa, CSc.
Published in: Vnitř Lék 2013; 59(8): 743-746
Category:

Overview

Clostridium difficile is currently considered a significant cause of nosocomial infection. The probability of a colonisation of hospitalised patients rises with the length of their stay in hospital and depends on the local epidemiologic situation. Interdisciplinary collaboration is the foundation of the effort to limit the development of this very serious, often fatal disease. The basic element is a rational antibio­tic therapy which builds on the knowledge that the administration of antibio­tics, even though based on a correct indication, may be fatal in an environment which is massively contaminated by spores of Clostridium difficile. Consequently, the high‑risk antibio­tics (such as aminopenicillins, fluoroquinolones or cefalosporins) should be administered only in such cases where they cannot be substituted by antibio­tics with a lower risk of CDI.

Key words:
Clostridium difficile infection –  vancomycin –  metronidazole –  fidaxomicin


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Labels
Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine

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