From laboratory tests ensues a relatively small influence of ethanol on different functions whichaffect the ability to drive a motor vehicle. Under laboratory conditions ethanol protracts thesimple reaction time surprisingly very little, at concentrations of 1g/kg, 1.28 times (5). Despite thisthe relative risk of a fatal accident of the driver of a motor car at ethanol concentrations of 0.5-0.9g/kg is nine times greater as compared with a sober driver (19).The problem behavior theory triesto explain this apparent contradiction (9).
Key words: ethanol - driver - ability to drive a motor vehicle - reaction time - problem behaviortherapy
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Forensic medical examiner