Laparoscopic uterus sparing treatment of uterine fibroids


Authors: K. Kubínová;  M. Mára;  M. Novotná;  D. Kužel
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika VFN a 1. LF UK, Praha, přednosta prof. MUDr. A. Martan, DrSc.
Published in: Čes. Gynek.2012, 77, č. 4 s. 326-330

Overview

Objective:
To report up-to date knowledge on laparoscopic, uterine sparing treatment of uterine fibroids.

Study design:
Review.

Setting:
Uterine Fibroids Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Charles University, Prague.

Methods:
Analysis of our clinical experience and available literature resources.

Results:
The management of uterine fibroids depends on the symptoms, location, and size of fibroids and on the reproductive plans of the patient. The surgical treatment has changed from laparotomy to minimally invasive surgery. In general, laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) is considered the best option in symptomatic patients with pregnancy plans. The laparoscopic approach is associated with lower postoperative morbidity as well as lower incidence of massive postoperative adhesion formation compared to laparotomy. The limitation of laparoscopic myomectomy is the size and the number of fibroids but also the location and the accessibility for the laparoscopic suturing. Laparoscopic uterine artery occlusion (LUAO) represents one of the alternatives to LM in patients with multiple small myomas or in patients with fibroids in unfavorable location. LUAO may be advantageously used prior to LM in order to reduce peroperative blood loss or to prevent the persisting fibroids from growing. However there is no universal treatment of uterine fibroids in fertile patients and in each single patient the indication and surgical method should be thoroughly considered.

Key words:
uterine fibroid, myomectomy, laparoscopy, uterine artery occlusion.


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Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine

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