Laparoscopic lymph-node dissection in gynecological surgery

Authors: M. Mára ;  M. Fanta ;  J. Sláma ;  M. Zikán ;  K. Kubínová ;  D. Kužel ;  D. Cibula
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika VFN a 1. LF UK, Praha, přednosta prof. MUDr. A. Martan, DrSc.
Published in: Čes. Gynek.2012, 77, č. 4 s. 320-326


To analyze our experience with transperitoneal laparoscopic dissection of lymphatic nodes in women with gynecologic malignancies.

Study design:
Retrospective clinical study.

Center of gynecologic endoscopy and minimally invasive surgery; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical Faculty in Prague.

Analysis of data from our laparoscopic procedures in the years 2006–2011. The following procedures have been included: systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLN), paraaortic lymphadenectomy (PALN), pelvic sentinel node excision, focused dissection of bulky lymphatic nodes from pelvis or paraaortic area.

We performed 177 primarily laparoscopic procedures pointed at dissection of pelvic and/or paraaortic lymph-nodes. The mean operating time and the mean number of lymph-nodes was 82 minutes and 26.5 nodes in patients with PLN, and 75 minutes and 12.5 nodes in patients with PALN. The overall rate of laparo-conversions was 4.5%; the incidence of major complications was 6.8% and of serious bleeding 5.6%. Laparoscopic lymphadenectomy could not be performed or completed in 2.3% of cases. Complications were more frequently associated with PALN than with PLN.

Laparoscopic approach to PLN and PALN is feasible in vast majority of patients. It provides adequate earnings of the lymphatic nodes, tolerable operative time, and relatively low complication rate. The highly experienced operation team for especially high infrarenal PALN is necessary.

Key words:
laparoscopy, pelvic lymphadectomy, paraaortic lymphadectomy.


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