Acute or expectant management in premature labour with preterm premature rupture of the membranes?


Authors: Z. Hájek 1;  V. Horáková 1;  M. Koucký 1;  M. Dokoupilová 2;  R. Plavka 1;  A. Pařízek 1
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika 1. LF UK a VFN Praha, přednosta prof. MUDr. A. Martan, DrSc. 1;  Neonatologické oddělení nemocnice Hořovice, vedoucí MUDr. M. Dokoupilová 2
Published in: Čes. Gynek.2012, 77, č. 4 s. 341-346

Overview

Objective:
To evaluate current knowledge about the management of preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM).

Design:
Review article.

Setting:
Perinatological center, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical School of Charles University, Prague.

Methods and results:
Expectant management in case of PPROM increases the incidence of infection/ inflammation but does not statistically increase mortality and serious morbidity of the infants. The incidence of infants morbidity corresponds with gestational age. The most serious complications occur in the lower gestational age. It is necessary to take an individual approach. The acute management increases the number of operative deliveries and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in the infants. The combination of RDS, extremely prematurity and hypoxia during the labour decreases the infants survival rate.

Conclusions:
The prolongation of the latency period in pregnancies above 28th week does not deteriorate the neonatal mortality or morbidity.

Key words:
premature labour, premature rupture of the membranes.


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Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine

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