Vaginal combined contraception NuvaRing in the clinical practice in the Czech Republic


Authors: T. Fait
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika 1. LF UK a VFN, Praha, přednosta prof. MUDr. A. Martan, DrSc.
Published in: Čes. Gynek.2009, 74, č. 4 s. 286-291
Category: Original Article

Overview

Objective:
The aim of this non-interventional, non-comparative, prospective, multicentric study was to evaluate use of vaginal combined contraception NuvaRing in the clinical practice in the Czech Republic.

Design:
Non-interventional, non-comparative, prospective, multicentric study.

Setting:
Department of obstetrics and gynecology, General Faculty Hospital Prague, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University Prague.

Methods:
The cohort of 2134 new users of NuvaRing was followed for 6 months. Questionnaire was filled in by the physician (gynaecologist) three times during the study – before the start of NuvaRing use (baseline), after 3 months and after 6 months of the ring use.

Results:
The average age of women in study was 29,5 years, 68,2% was from 21 to 35 years old. Insertion and removal of the ring were evaluated as easy in 95% of women in the end of the study. Irregular bleeding was mentioned only in 19,7% of women during first 3 cycles and 7,8% during last 3 cycles, mostly (90%) as spotting. Menstrual bleeding was shorter in 62,8% of women in the end of the study compared with the baseline. Dysmenorea decreased by 34,9% and PMS by 28,8% in the last evaluated cycle compared with the baseline. No feeling or only exceptional feeling the of the ring in the vagina was reported in 87% of women and in 77,9% of their sexual partners during the last 3 cycles. The main two reasons why women like NuvaRing was no need to remember anything (57,5%) and easy use (34%). The main reasons why women dislike the ring were feeling of the ring in the vagina in 2,9%, disturbing of sexual intercourse in 2,4% and irregular bleeding in 2%. (90% answered, that they like NuvaRing.)

Conclusions:
After six months of use 89% of women was satisfied or highly satisfied with the vaginal ring and 91% of the users was decided to recommend this contraception method to other women.

Key words:
hormonal contraception, vaginal combined contraception, compliance, vaginal bleeding, dysmenorea, premenstrual syndrome.


Sources

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Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine
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