Long-term review on posterior colporrhaphy with levator ani muscles plication and incorporating a Vypro II mesh

Authors: R. El Haddad;  A. Martan;  J. Mašata;  K. Švabík;  T. Koleška
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika VFN a 1. LF UK, Praha, přednosta prof. MUDr. A. Martan, DrSc.
Published in: Ceska Gynekol 2009; 74(4): 282-285
Category: Original Article


Pelvic organ prolapse affect 50% of parous women over 50 years of age. The lifetime risk of undergoing a single operation for prolapse or incontinence by age 80 is 11.1%. Recurrence rates for classical prolapse surgery are as high as 30%. For this reason various graft materials have been proposed to improve the long-term surgical outcomes. The aim of our study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of posterior colporrhaphy incorporating Vypro II (polyglactin 910-polypropylene) mesh in the treatment of posterior vaginal wall prolapse.

Retrospective study.

Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, First Medical Faculty of Charles University and General University Hospital, Prague.

Standard posterior colporrhaphy was performed with levator ani muscles plication. Vypro II (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA) is a type III macroporous mixed fibre lightweight mesh composed of 50% absorbable multifilamentous polyglactin 910 and of 50% non-absorbable multifilamentous polypropylene fibres. This operation was performed in 28 women between March 2003 and November 2005. All patients underwent before surgery, urodynamics, ultrasound and physical examination. 22 women (78.5%) had a previous hysterectomy, 16 women (57%) had previous pelvic surgery for prolapse and/or urinary incontinence. Concomitant surgeries performed included vaginal hysterectomy 7% (n=2), anterior colporrhaphy 50% (n=14), anterior colporrhaphy with Vypro II mesh 21.4% (n=6), TVT 7% (n=2), TVT O 7% (n=2), sacrospinous vaginal vault suspension 32% (n=9). The pelvic organ prolapse was staged in ICS POP-Q system. All women had stage II-IV symptomatic prolapse of the posterior compartment (11 patients 39.2% with stage II, 14 patients 50% with stage III and 3 patients 10.7% with stage IV). All patients were examined always in case of complications and were invited to follow-up 2 months after surgery and once a year. The mean follow-up was 26.2 months (range 2-58), whereas 71% of pacients had a follow up longer then 24 months.

Pacients mean age was 63.7 years (range 46-83), mean parity 2.1 (1-3) and mean BMI 30.34 kg/m2 (25-42). There were no operative or early postoperative complications like bowel erosion or rectovaginal fistula. The incidence of rectocele recurrence was 10.7 %: 1 case of stage II rectocele and 2 cases of stage III rectocele. The incidence of mesh vaginal erosion was 10.7%. Two cases were resolved by repeated excision in office and by local estrogen and local antimicrobial therapy. The third case required reoperation and mesh exstirpation.

Posterior colporrhaphy with levator ani muscles plication and incorporating a Vypro II mesh was associated with a higher incidence of post-operative complications even if cure rate was quite good.

Key words:
posterior colporrhaphy, Vypro II, mesh erosion.


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Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine
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