Methods causing ischemia in uterine fibroids treatment


Authors: P. Horák 1;  M. Mára 1;  P. Dundr 2;  K. Kubínová 1;  L. Hašlík 1;  D. Kužel 1
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika VFN a 1. LF UK, Praha, přednosta prof. MUDr. A. Martan, DrSc. 1;  Patologický ústav VFN a 1. LF UK, Praha, přednosta prof. MUDr. C. Povýšil, DrSc. 2
Published in: Čes. Gynek.2009, 74, č. 4 s. 262-268
Category: Original Article

Overview

Objective:
To compare principle, advantages, disadvantages, and risks of conservative (i.e. uterus saving) methods of treatment of uterine fibroids, which are focused on elimination or reduction of their perfusion. To contribute to better understanding of this dynamic topic between gynecologists, especially in the field of appropriate indication criteria.

Design:
Review article.

Setting:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Charles University and General Faculty Hospital, Prague.

Methods:
Analysis of literature and our clinical experience.

Conclusions:
Within the last decade the spectrum of treatment of uterine fibroids has broaden with methods causing ischemia of fibroids. These include the minimally invasive surgical therapy (laparoscopic occlusion of uterine arteries /LUAO/ and Doppler assisted laparoscopic myolysis) and radiological catheterization treatment (uterine artery embolization, UAE). Compared to foreign countries where UEA is mainly used in perimenopausal women, we focus on the group of patients with further fertility plans. It is necessary to stress that in spite of the number of affirmative experiences with the new techniques of uterine fibroid treatment in both the indication groups (women with or without further fertility plans) these methods still remain an alternative to standard surgical treatment, because both myomectomy and hysterectomy can be performed by minimally invasive techniques in the majority of women. This review is also focused on the specific risks of the particular methods as well as on their mechanism of action which may dramatically differ despite of some analogies.

Key words:
fibroids, uterine artery embolization, laparoscopic myolysis, laparoscopic occlusion of uterine arteries.


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Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine
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