Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism associated with hormonal contraceptives use


Authors: M. Nováčková
Authors‘ workplace: I. interní kardioangiologická klinika LF MU a FN u sv. Anny v Brně a Mezinárodní centrum klinického výzkumu
Published in: Kardiol Rev Int Med 2014, 16(1): 36-38
Category: Cardiology Review - Case report

Overview

Since the early 1960s, it has been well documented that combined hormonal contraceptives increase the risk of venous thrombosis. Second and third generation oral contraceptives (OCs) differ in their progestin component. Third generation OCs contain desogestrel, gestodene or norgestimate while second generation OCs contain norgestrel or levonorgestrel. In spite of the fact that the third generation OCs have not shown any clinically significant benefit over the second generation OC, multiple studies and two meta‑analyses show that the third generation OC containing desogestrel are associated with approximately doubled risk of venous thrombosis. The newer generation of oral formulations, as well as non‑oral contraceptives (transdermal and vaginal), were recently studied for thrombotic risk. In the context of contraceptives use, the non‑oral route of ethinyl‑ estradiol administration seems to be more thrombogenic than the oral route.

Keywords:
deep venous thrombosis –  pulmonary embolism –  oral contraceptives


Sources

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Labels
Paediatric cardiology Internal medicine Cardiac surgery Cardiology
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