Chronic kidney disease – a new classification and therapy


Authors: O. Zakiyanov 1,2;  J. Vachek 1,3;  V. Tesař 1
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika nefrologie VFN a 1. LF UK v Praze 1;  Ústav lékařské bio­chemie a laboratorní dia­gnostiky VFN a 1. LF UK v Praze 2;  Farmakologický ústav 1. LF UK v Praze 3
Published in: Kardiol Rev Int Med 2014, 16(1): 49-52
Category: Internal Medicine

Overview

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as a kidney abnormality of structure or function present for more than three months, affecting health. It is a pathological condition with ever-increasing prevalence, which places an enormous burden on the health system. Early detection and appropriate treatment can slow the development of CKD and to protect the patient from reaching renal failure associated with the need for renal replacement therapy. As not only nephrologists care for patients with CKD, knowledge about this condition is essential for practising physicians including primary care physicians and specialists. This article discusses the epidemiology, risk factors, classification and treatment options and it aims to give a brief overview of current information about this serious disease.

Keywords:
chronic kidney disease –  CKD –  dialysis –  transplantation –  renal replacement therapy –  RRT


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Labels
Paediatric cardiology Internal medicine Cardiac surgery Cardiology
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